Related entries: M. Ph. Materia Medica: part 1 - part 2 - part 3 - part 4 - part 5 - part 6 - part 7 - part 8 -
Related entries: M. Ph. Pharmaceutical preparations part 1 - part 2 - part 3 - part 4.
Other tomes: King's (mat.med.) - King's (preparations)
BY THE EDITOR.
A large number of the formulas are identical or nearly so with those admitted into the French Codex, or published in Dorvault's l'Officine. In the following we select only such which differ materially from, or are not contained in the works named:
Café de Bellotas, Pulvis glandium quercus tostarum.—Acorns deprived of the rind are heated in a coffee roaster, until they become brittle and have lost 28 per cent. in weight, when they are ground in a coffee mill. The powder is tonic and astringent and is used like coffee, the infusion being made with 15 Gm. to I liter of water.
Capsulas medicinales, Capsulae medicatae.—Directions are given for preparing the empty capsules and for filling these as well as the so-called pearls. The material suitable for capsules is prepared by dissolving white gelatin 30, Irish moss paste 60, and honey in water 100 parts. If necessary greater flexibility may be imparted to the mass by adding a little glycerin.
Cataplasma anodina, Cataplasma anodynum.—Powdered bread crumb 125 Gm., powdered saffron 2 Gm., yelk of eggs 2, milk sufficient.
Cataplasma con subacetato de plomo, Cataplasma cum Subacetate plumbico.—Bread crumbs 60, Goulard's extract 30.
Cataplasma emoliente, Cataplasma emolliens.—Ground flaxseed, powdered round-leaved mallow, equal parts; hot water sufficient.
Cataplasms of belladonna, conium, hyoscyamus, stramonium, etc., are made in the same manner.
Cataplasma refrigerante, Cataplasma refrigerans.—Mix barley meal 185 with powdered red saunders 15 and add gradually oil of rose petals 30, and sufficient strong vinegar.
Cerato de Bell, Ceratum ex Bell.—Melt together white wax 100, spermaceti 50 and cold-pressed sesame oil 400.
Cerato de Galeno, Ceratum ex Galeno.—White wax 200, sesame oil 600, lard 200, distilled rose-water 400.
Cerato simple, Ceratum simplex.—Like the preceding, omitting the rose-water.
Cervezas medicinales and Cigarros medicinales are the Biéres médicinales and Cigares medicinaux of French pharmacy.
Collodion morfinado, Collodium cum Chlorhydrate morphico,—Dissolve morphine hydrochlorate 1 in elastic collodion 30.
Crema fria, Ceratum cosmeticum anglicum.—White wax 30, spermaceti 60, cold-pressed sesame oil 215, rose-water 60, tincture of benzoin 15 Gm., attar of rose 6 drops.
Electuarium de Beleño opiado, Electuarium Hyoscymi opiatum.—Hyoscyamus seed 25, anise 25, fennel 25, castoreum 25, myrrh 25, Ceylon cinnamon 30, extract of opium 20, saffron 10; reduce to a very fine powder and incorporate with thick honey 1,000. Of this electuary 4 Gm. contain about 0.07 Gm. extract of opium.
Elixir de Jaborandi, Elixir de Pilocarpo pinnato.—Jaborandi 100, alcohol (60 per cent.) 600; macerate for 10 days, express, add simple syrup 400, and filter; strength 10 per cent.
Elixir de Coca del Perú is prepared in the same manner.
Emetina medicinal is the aqueous extract of the alcoholic extract of ipecacuanha.
Emplasto agglutinante, Emplastrum picis compositum.—Colophony 2,000, white copal 620, turpentine 250, sesame oil 150, white wax 120.
Emplasto de Belladona, Emplastrum belladonnae.—Exhaust belladonna leaves 250 with a mixture of ether 1 part and alcohol (60 per cent.) 4 parts, evaporate and incorporate with lead plaster 120 and Burgundy pitch 15.
The plasters of conium, hyoscyamus, digitalis, stramonium and similar drugs are prepared in the same manner.
Emplasto Cera católica, Emplastrum Cera catholica.—Yellow wax 500, turpentine 250, white copal 500, powdered bdellium 40, powdered olibanum 40, balsam of Peru 40.
Emplasto de Cimbron de Castilla, Emplastrum Lavandulae compositum.—White copal 1,000, Campeachy wax 1,000, tar 375, sesame oil 100, sweet gum (liquidambar) 180, powdered allspice 120, and the volatile oils of lavender 4, cinnamon 0.5, cloves 1, origanum 2, anise 2 and rosemary 2. Spread upon black paper, this plaster is known as piel divina (divine skin).
Emplasto de Cloral, Emplastrum cum Chloralo.—White wax and chloral hydrate, equal parts.
Emplasto confortativo de Vigo, Emplastrum catagmaticum ex Vigo.—Melt together lead plaster 3,250, Campeachy wax 500, and turpentine 250, and add the following in fine powder: olibanum, myrrh, sandarac, dragon's blood, red lead and Armenian bole, of each 120.
Emplasto de Estabillo de Puebla, Emplastrum ex Estabillo.—Melt lead plaster 1,600, Campeachy wax 180 and rosin 60, add soft galbanum 30, incorporate with the following in fine powder: ammoniac 30, olibanum 30, zinc oxide 30, dragon's blood 16, Armenian bole 15 and camphor 15, and mix with corrosive sublimate (dissolved in alcohol) 10, oil of rosemary 10 and oil of amber 10.
Especies amargas, Species amarae.—Equal parts of the leaves of Cirsium Mexicanum, Artemisia mexicana, and Erythraea stricta.
Especies aromáticas, Species aromaticae.—Equal parts of orange flowers and of the leaves of Artemisia mexicana, rosemary, spearmint, sage, origanum. and thyme.
Especies diaforéticas, Species diaphoreticae.—Equal parts of the flowers of red poppy, borage, violet and elder.
Especies emolientes, Species emollientes.—Equal parts of the leaves of mallow and parietaria, and of the flowers of elder and Gnaphalium canescens.
Especies pectorales, Species pectorales.—Horehound 5, yerba dulce 15, Adiantum tenerum 15, liquorice root 10.
Three kinds of extracts of the narcotic herbs are recognized, namely, the inspissated juices, the aqueous made with boiling water, and the alcoholic prepared with alcohol of 60 per cent. The other extracts maybe classified according to the menstruum used, as follows:
Cold water: juniper berries, fruit of Crescentia alata, gentian, guaiac wood, opium, rhubarb.
Boiling water: cinchona, Artemisia mexicana, Ambrosia artemisiaefolia, Prosopis dulcis, walnut leaves, senna, Erythraea stricta, Milleria linearifolia, and chamomile.
Alcohol 86 per cent. followed by alcohol 54 per cent.: Fucus vesiculosus.
Alcohol 80 per cent.: physostigma, nux vomica.
Alcohol 60 per cent.: cantharides, cahinca root, ipecac, senega, sarsaparilla, colombo, valerian, squill, agaric, arnica, coca, jaborandi, cannabis indica, rue, savin, saffron, colocynth, poppy capsules, conium fruit, and the seeds of belladonna, colchicum, hyoscyamus and stramonium.
Alcohol 50 per cent.: lactucarium.
Glicerado are mixtures with glycerite of starch: sulphur in the proportion of 1:4, tannin 1: 5, potassium iodide 4: 30, and narcotic extracts 1:10. A solution is also officinal consisting of potassium iodide 5, iodine 1 and glycerin 40.
The gum resins of ammoniac, asafetida and galbanum are purified by emulsionizing them with about an equal weight of hot water, adding about half their weight of strong alcohol, pressing through rather coarse linen and evaporating by means of a water-bath.
Grajeas are granules, the strength directed being 0.1 Gm. for monobromated camphor, 0.05 Gm. for the valerianates of quinine, iron and zinc; 0.025 Gr. for ammonium valerianate; 0.01 Gr. for codeine and narcotine; 0.001 for arsenious acid, arseniates, strychnine, morphine and Homolle's digitalin; 0.0005 Gm. for aconitine, atropine and zinc phosphide; and 0.00025 Gm. for Nativelle's digitalin.
The American Journal of Pharmacy, Vol. 57, 1885, was edited by John M. Maisch.