V The third which is the Small Yellow Centory, is a little like to the second, and a little greater than it · the Leaves are also larger and broader, and broad at the bottom, but yet not so broad as to encompafs the Stalk, as the next does: the Flowers are also a little greater, and yellow, which is the princtpal thing m which it differs from the last; and withal the whole Plant is not altogether so bitter.
VI. The fourth, which is the Through-leav'd Centory, has a Root small and white, like the former, from ζώο nee comes some Leaves next the ground
like unto the former Centories, but somewhat greater, trom this Root comes fo>th a Stalk, which sometimes spreads it self forth into many long Branches, from every one of the Joints · and J metimes it spreads it self only at top : At the Joints β and two some-■hat broad and long pointed Leaves, so encompaffng the Stalk about the bottom, and making it feem as if it run through them, that they zcill hold the Rain, or any Water which falls upon them : Die Flowers which β and at the tops of the small Branches are a little larger than those of the Common Centory, composed of fix or eight Leaves, of a fine pale yellow color, and sometimes of a deeper yellow; after which comes larger Heads than those in the fir If, and Seed a little bigger. This Plant is net full out so bitter as the fir If.
VII. V>e fifth, which is a Small yellow Centory not Branched, and difiers not in Leaf or blower from the fourth: The Stalk bears perforated Leaves, but Jpread not themselves forth in Branches, as the former doth : It bears also but one only blower at the top, which thing, together with its net being branched, makes it to be different, and another Species of the perfoliated kind, the whole Plant is less bitter than the first.
VIII. The fixth, and smalleft of the Yellow Cen-tories difiers very little from the fifth, or lafl defer/-bed Through leav'd Centory, excepting in this, that it is wholly less in every part of it, and whereas the former bears but one blower at the top of it, this bears two or three, and sometimes more, small Flow-ers at the top of every of its Branches.
IX. The Places. The first grows m great plenty throughout ail England, in most Pastures and Graf fy Fields,: and indeed they are all of them found in many places of this Kingdom, but the first ot common sort almost every where, in Fields, Pastures and Woods, but that with the White flowers is more sparingly to be had than the first. The first I found
growing in the South parts of Carolina, in many Plantations, but particularly in that, formerly Captain Abbot's, up Wando River, about five Miles from Charles Town : The third of these enumerated in this Chapter, grows in many places in Kent, as in a Field next unto that which was formerly Sir Francis Carew's Houle, at Bedington near Croydon; and in a Field next beyond Southflect Church towards Gravefend, and in many other places, where also the other kinds are sometimes found.
X. The Times. They all Flower in July and August, and their Seed is ripe in about a Month after. They ought to be gathered in their blower-ing time : but some people out of a meer Superfti-tion, gather them between the two Lady-days.
XI. The Qualities. They are generally hot and dry in the second Degree : but Gerard says, that our third, which is the firfi yellow Centory, is hot and dry in the third Degree, and yet it is not so bitter as the first. They are all highly Stomatick, PeRoral, Hepatick, Splenetick, and Hysterick : they are noble Aperitives, and AbfteTfives,Vulneraries, Alteratives, and Emmenagogicks.
XII. The Specification. It is Antifebritick, and good against Distempers of the .Stomach.
XIII. The Preparations. You may have therefrom, I. A liquid Juice. 2. An Essence. 3· ^n Injujion. 4. A Decoction. Oil by Infolation or Boiling. Balsam. 9. A Cataplasm. 11. A Spirituous Tincture. 13. An Oily Tincture. 14. 1?. A Spirit. 16. ACollyrium. 17. AEixedSalt from the Ashes. 18. An Effential Salt.
This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.