This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
iciihcr pieces, and tit the Tops a long J piked head oj id. wers, in the one ( which is the less, and the more rare to find ) wholly white, and of a better jcent than the other ( though some Jay it has no Jcent ) in the Greater, which is the more common with ur, oj a blujh, or deep red color, according to the Soil in which it grows; a clay ground bringing forth a paler colot\Jamewhat weak; an i before the Stalk h.u food with the blowers a Month above ground, it will be jaded aw ly and gone, and blown away with the Wind: after which the Leaves will begin to fpring, which when they are full grown, will be very broad and large, big enough to cover the whole Body, at leaf the Heal, like an Umbrella, which hides from Sun and Ram ; they ajesomewhat thin, and almost round; whose thick red Footstalks, being about a foot or more long, jiand under, or towards the middle of the Leaves, the loicer parts of which, are divided into two round parts, Dose almost one to another, of a pale green color above, and hoary underneath. "That which brines white flowers,brings forth also smaller leaves than the other doth, having divers ribs and ν fins therein.
IV. Gerard has another kind of description, which in some measure explicates the former, for which reason I think it neceifary to infert it here: Butter-Bur ( says he ) does in a manner bring forth its Flowers before the Le<rues, as Colts-foot does (for which reason some have thought it to be one of the kin Is of Colts-foot, and for which reason Matthiolus and Camerarius in their Epitome, have called it Tussilago major, as is before mentioned:) Tl?eJe flowers, says he, are Small and Moffie, tending to a purple color, which are made up into a big Ear, as it were, and quickly after, together with its Stem. ( which is thick, full of substance, and brittle ) fade and fall away : then comes up the Leaves, which are very great, like around Cap or Hat, called in Latin Petaius, of such a widenrfs or largeness, as that of it j elf one leaf is big enough to keep a Man from a Jhicer oj Rain, or from the heat oj the Sun, and therefore are much larger than the Leaves of the great Burdock; their color is somewhat white, but
whiter underneath; every Stent bears his Leaf, which is sometimes a Cubit long, thick and full of substance, zvhich stands, as it were, under the Leaf in the Center or Middle almost of the Circumference like to one of the great eft Muihrooms, jetting afide The Cleft at the lower fart of the Leaf near the Stem, especially when they are perishing or withering away : at first The upper superjicial or out side of the Mushroom stands out, and when they are in withering it stands more in, and the edges, as it were turn up ; so is it in the Butter Bur Leaf which has on the out side a certain fiallow hollowness.
V. The Places. They both grow in wet and moist Grounds by Rivers and Water Jides, and upon the 'Brinks and Banks of Lakes and Ponds, almost eve-ty where.
VI. The Times. The Flowers rise and decay in February and March, and then fade away ; Gerard lays, in March or April: when they are gone, then come up the Leaves, which remain all Summer, even till Winter, new ones ftill growing up, and being added to the former.
VII. The Qualities. The Roots, which are mostly used, are hot and dry in the third Degree, Digestive, Discussive, and Sudorifick ; Cephalick, Neurotick, Stomatick, Hysterick, and Cordial; Alterative, and Alexipharmick.
Villi The Specification. It has a peculiar power and force against Poison of all kinds, and the Infection of the Plague.
IX. The Preparations. You may prepare from the Root, I. A Pouder. 2. A Juice. 3. An Eftenee. 4. A Spirituous Tincture. 5. A Decoction. 6. A Mixture.
X. The Pouder. Being given to one dram, and drunk in Wine, it is a most excellent thing against the Plague, and all sorts of pestilential Fevers, as Spotted Fever, Purples, Mealies, Small Pox, ifc. because it is Sudorifick or provoking Swear, and drives from the Heart all sorts of Venom and Poyson : it kills Worms, and is powerful against Hysterick Fits, or Vapors and Suffocation of the Mother : If it is ftrewed on old and filthy running Ulcers, it cleanses, drys, and heals them. It also provokes Urine, and the Monthly Terms in Women.
XI. The Juice. It is expressed out of the Root by being beaten in a Mortar, and squeezed out with White Port Wine. It has all the Virtues of the Pouder, and may be given from one ounce, to two 01 three ounces, Morning and Evening, as a preventive against the Plague, and every six hours after Infection.
XII. The Essence. It has all the Virtues of the Pouder and Juice, but more powerful to all the Intentions : It provokes Urine, and the Courses, and kills the flat, broad Worms in the Belly. Dole one or two ounces mixed with Wine. It is a powerful thing in the cure of the Yellow Jaundice, and the bitings of Vipers, fJfc.
XIII. The Spirituous Tincture. It is good against Poifon, and the Bitings of Mad Dogs, prevails a-gainft Fainting and Swooning Fits, and is a famous thing to rectifie the Distemper of the Stomach-Dose one or two drams in a Glass of Canary.
XIV. The Decoction. It is good against Coughs, Colds, Asthma's, Wheezings, difficulty of Breathing, and other Distempers of the Lungs, caufiug Expectoration. It kills Worms, provokes the τerms,. and has all the othet Virtues of the Pouder and hi" fence aforegoing, but not full our so powerful ·
iDose from two ounces to four or fix, as hot as 1 Λ caa