This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
and by some called Ox-Tongue, or Garden Ox-Tongue.
IV. The description. Our Common Buglofs has a Root which is black without, and whit iff within, long, thick, and full of a flinty Juice ( as the Leaves also are) which continues and perishes not every Year, as the Root of Borage does ·, from this Root comes up several long, narrow, hairy, whitish green Leaves, among which rise up two or three very high Stalks, branched at the top, whereon ft and many view flowers, consisting of five small round pointed Leaves, with a small Pointel in the middle, which art very smooth, fhining, and of a rcdd'fo purple, whilst they are Buds, and not blown open, which being fallen, there grows in the green Husks, in zoh'tch the flowers flood, three or four roundish black Seeds, having that Thread or Pointel, standing ft ill in the middle of them.
V. The Lesser Buglofs, which some will hroe to be Ox-tongue, is much lesser than the former, the Roots are long and creeping in the ground: and the Leaves are very rough, and rougher indeed than the former, like the rough Tongue of an or or Cow, (whence came the name ) the Stalk is about two feet high, more or less, and commonly of a reddish color: at the top of the Branches grow the flowers in rough, scaly heads, which flowers are composed of many small yellow Leaves, much like those of Dandelion, and fly away in Down like as they do, these flowers are bitter of taste, whence Lobel calls it, BuglolTum Echioides luteum Hieracio cognatum.
VI. The Places. The first is only Nursed up in Gardens, fo also is the second : but this latter is found to grow wild in many places, as between Redriff and Deptford, by watry Ditch sides, as Gerard lays.
VII. The Times. They flower in May, June, and July, to the end of Summer, and the Seed ripens in the mean Season.
VIIL As to their Qualities, Specification, Preparations, Virtues and Uses, they are altogether the same with those of Garden Borage, of which we have treated before in Chap. 8?. to which you are referred. But this is to be noted in Buglofs, that its Roots are much more Mucilaginous, Viscous, or Clammy than those of Borage, and therefore are held not to be so convenient for opening Apozems: but the said Juice being made into a Lohoch or Licking Eletluary, may be prevalent against the Cough, Hoarfiiefs, .and Colds, and to condenfate thin Distillations of Flegm upon the Lungs.
CHAP. XCIV. 0/BUGLOSS Wild, or Ox-Tongue.
L 'TP Η ε Names. It is called in Greek B*y*ucjcy L A>f is* : in Latin, Bugloffum Sylveflre: and in Engiifh. Wild or field Buglofs, or Ox-Tongue.
II. The Kinds. There are leveral Species of the Wild Buglofs, as 1. Bugloffum Sylveflre majus, flore nigra, The Great Wild Buglofs. 2. Bugloffum Sylveflre minis The Small Wild Buglois. ' 3. Bug-Iffum Sylveflre minus Afperttm, Rough Wild Buglofs. 4. Buglofjum dulce, ex InfuUs Lancaftrit, Sweet, or Lancashire Buglofs.
III. The description. T!,c first of these differs httle from the Garden Buglofs, but in its greatness, this being larger in every part : and in the color of the flowers, which are of β deep a purple color, that they are accounted as black*
IV. The second Kind, has a small long Root: its Leaves are somewhatbrcad,fiwrt, and rough, smaller than either the former Wild Kind, or the Garden Kind, and something more unevenly dented on the edges : the flowers groto at the Tops, of a blewish purple color, but smaller than the former, and the Seeds grow three or four together, and blackish also, like the other kinds.
r V. The Rough Wild Buglofs, has a Root like the former, but its Leaves are much rougher than any of the other Kinds, and sharper or J mailer towards their ends : the flowers on the Tops of the Branches, are more like the Mowers of Galiopfis, or Winking Dead Nettle, than of any of the other sorts of Buglofs : in some Plants they are of a blewish purple color, and in some they are white, but both colors are never found in one Plant.
VI. The Lancashire Buglofs, has a great Root, blackish on the out side, and divided downwards, in several large Arms or Branches, from whence fhoots forth many slender Stalks, a foot and half high, more or less. The lower Leaves whereof next the ground, are much lesser than those of Borage, and of a whiter green, and somewhat rough ; but those which grow on the Stalks are lesser, having the flowers set at the Joints with them, whose Buds before they are blown, are of a reddish color, but when they are open, of a blewtfb purple, somewhat like those of Vipers Buglofs, or between them and Borage Flowers, of a very sweet, or Honey like Taste.
VII. The Places. The first, Jecond and third grow Wild in several Countries, and are sometimes found growing Wild in England. The fourth was found by Mr. Hesket growing in one of the Iflands about Lancashire. ,
VIII. The Times. They all flower in June and July, and their Seed comes to ripeness in a short time after, the Seed growing ripe, even in the time of Flowering.
IX. The Qualities, Specification, Preparations, Virtues and Uses3 are mostly the same with those