This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
to convey the other things in : But mixed with half its quantity of the Juice or Essence, it is good to waih a Sore or Ulcerated Mouth, and to cure such Sores or Ulcers which happen in the Secret Parts of Men or Women.
XV. The Spirituous Tincture. It heals admirably any Sore or Ulcer, whether inward or outward. In Ulcers of the Lungs it may be mixed with the Syrup aforenamed, thus : of the said Syrup, one ounce: of the distilled Water an ounce and half: of the Tincture two drams: mix for a Dose to be given in Ulcers of the Lungs. Outwardly mixed with the Juice or Essence, it cleanses old Ulcers, Incarnates and heals, and sometimes heals simple Wounds at once or twice drefling; you may make it thus:
of the Juice or Essence Jour ounces : of the Syrup an ounce and half: of this Tincture one ounce: mix them, to wafh the Ulcer withal.
XVI. The Acid Tincture. It is an admirableithing against inward Wounds, Thrufts, or Stabs into the Body or Bowels, and is excellent to be mixed with all Wound Drinks, and to be given mixed with the Syrup, against the Rickets in Children: It stops the running of Gangreens, being applied ^ and opens Obstructions of the Liver, and Gall ·, and is good to be mixed with Wafhes for fore Mouths and Throats. Dose inwardly from thirty to sorty drops, in any Ipecifick Vehicle.
XVII. The Oily Tincture. It cures Wounds at a few times drefling, but chiefly Wounds of the Nerves, for which it is a Sovereign thing ; If a Nerve is prickt or wounded, it presently eases the pain, and prevents the return of Convulsions upon that account.
XVIII. The Saline Tincture. It is cleansing, and is good to waih and bathe those parts which are apt to break out with Botches, Boils, Scabs, Itch, Scurf, Morphew, and other Defoliations of the Skin.
XIX. The Lotion. It is made of the Juice thus: ?i Clarified Juice of Bugle a pint: Honey three ounces : Allum fix drams : mix and diffblve over a gentle fire. It is good to waih inveterate and running Sores with, which are very foul, and have teen of long continuance ·, and it is as powerful and effectual to heal all running and stinking Ulcers in the Secret Parts of both Men and Women, and is an excellent Gargle for curing Sores, and Cankeis in the Mouth and Throat.
XX. The Ointment. It is made of the Leaves of Bugle two parts : of Self-heal, Sanicle, and Scabious, of each one part bruised and boiled in Hogs Lard, or in a mixture of equal parts of Sheeps Suet, and Oil Olive, until the herbs are crijp, and then fl rained sorth, and kept for use. It is a very good thing for healing any freih or green Wound, tho' lacerated, torn, or bruised ir brings it to digestion, cleanses, incarnates, and speedily heals it. Parkinson says, that he could wifh that all the good Women and Ladies, that defire to do good to their own Families, or their poor Neighbours, not to be without this Ointment, always ready prepared, and at hand bv them. τ7 Γ ,
ΧΧΪ. The Balsam. It has the Virtues of the Ointment, but more digestive, cleansing, and mcar-native, and therefore more fit for complicated Wounds, which are accompanied with Contusions, Dilacerations, and other ill Symptoms.
XXII. The Cataplasm. Made of the green Herb, it is good to abate Inflammations, and other hot Swellings in the Neck, Throat, and other Parts. It difculTes Contusions, dissolves congealed Blood, and is profitably applied to those Parts which are hurt by any blow or fall : It is also profitable to be ap plied to all sorts of Ulcers, whether recent or in-
veterate, wafhing the same also with the Lotion prescribed in Sell. 19. aforegoing, every time you drefs them. It is good to be applied to broken Bones, and Diflocations, where the parts have been long out of Joint, and have been often reduced, and fall out again by reason of Weakness : but as these things ought to applied outwardly, so the Essence, or Juice, ought to be used all along inwardly, to corroborate the Tone of the Parts.
XXIII. The fixed Salt. It is opening, cleansing, and diuretick, removes all Tartarous matter out of the Reins, Ureters, and Bladder : and taken to one scruple with the Essence, it is good to heal Wounds, and Ulcers of the Urinary parts.
CHAP. XCIIL OfBUGLOSS Garden.
I. ^tp Η ε Names. It is called in Greek, β«ί>λοβΜ?, ί ( but it is rather the name of Borage, for so the Greeks called that Plant, and this our Buglofs was rather the Lesser Buglofs also At»*o4«, Dodonms : which Parkinfin says was unknown to the Ancients. In Latin, Bugloffum: and in Engiifh, Buglofs (after the Latin name.)
II. The Kinds. There are leveral sorts of ir, as,
1. The Garden, which is Bugloffum Hortcnfe.
2. Buglossa Sylveftris, Wild Bughj's. 3. Echium, Vipers Buglofs. 4. Wall and Stone Buglofs. 5. L/* monium, Marfh Buglofs : Of these last four we shall treat in the four next Chapters. 6. Anchusa, Al-kanet, of which we have treated in Chap. 8. aforegoing.
III. The Garden Kind, of which we treat in this Chapter, is twofold, viz. IJ. λ«**·4",pM>Pfi*i lolfum Vulgare, which is the Greater Bagofs* 2. Bugloffum Uitcum, which is the Leucr Bug m A - and