This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
parts afflicted, and makes them able to refill a flux of Humors falling upon them.
XIV. The Cataplasm. Being applied it has ( says Mattbiolus ) an aditringent and repelling power: and therefore mult neceifarily repercufs Humors, abate Inflammations, ease Pain, and itrengthen the parr, especially in the Gout, Sciatica, and other like Diiaffections : Applied upon Warrs, it cures them.
CHAP. XCIL BUGLE.
l.^T^HE Names. This is a Plant unknown to a the Greeks as far as I can find ·, and therefore has no Greek name : It is called in Latin Bugula, and Bugulum, Confolida media, and Solidago minor: Mattbiolus calls it Laurentina, and Herba Laurentina : And in Engiifh, Bugle, middle Confound, and by some Sicklewort.
II. The Kinds. Authors make fix kinds of this Plant, but all that grow with us, are referred unto two, i. Bug/a vulgaris, Bugla flore Ceruleo, Common Bugle, or Bugle with a Blew Flower ·, this Tragus calls, Prunella cjerulea prima, vel major but most Writers call it, Confolida media pratenfis cdrulea. 2. Bugula flore albo, Bugle with a White Flower.
III. The description. The first of these has a flringy Root, fpreading under the Earth round a-bout, like unto Money-wort, or Penny-royal, from whence rises up a hairy square Stalk, about a foot or foot and half high ·, It ha* Leaves long,fat, and oleous, like those of Prunella or Self-heal, but larger, and a little longer h some green on the upper side, others ?nore brownilh, a little dented about the edges, and somewhat hairy. The Stalk is also set with such like Leaves, which Jjand thereon by Couples, from the
middle almost whereof upwards, stand the Flowers together in roundles, compalfing the Stalk, of a fair blew color, with Leaves also, but smaller and browner than those on the Stalk below : these Leaves and Elcwers are set at distances, leaving between every roundle bare or void fpaces. Among the Flowers are alf° small ones, as those of Selttieal, of a blewish, and sometimes of an Aftxolor, faftnoned like the Flowers of Ale-hoof or Ground-Ivy : which being pa ft, there succeeds small, round, blackish Seed.
IV. Bugula flore albo, Bugle with a white flower differs not in its form or magnitude, either in its Roots, Stalks, Leaves, Flowers or Seeds, from the former, excepting in the color of the Stalks and Leaves, that these are always green, and never brown as the former ^ and in the color of the Flowers, that they are always JVJ)ite.
V. The Places. They grow in Woods and wet Copfes and Fields, generally throughout England; but the latter is not so common to be met withal: Gerard says, that he found the first of these Plants in a moist ground upon Black Heath near London, and near a Village called Charlton, but the Leaves were green, and not brown.
VI. The Times. They flower from May until July, perfecting their Seed in the mean feafon : But the Root and the leaves next unto it, lying as it were upon the Ground, remain all the Winter until the next Spring.
VII. The Qualities. They are Temperate as to heat or cold, and dry in the first Degree : astringent, Abfterfive, Incarnative, Traumatick or Vulnerary ; Neurotick, Stomatick, Hepatick, and Alterative.
VIII. TT)e Specification. They are peculiar for the Cure of Wounds and Ulcers.
IX. The Preparations. You may make therefrom,
i. A liquid Juice. 2. An Essence. 3. A Decoction. 4. A Syrup. $. A Distilled Water. 6. A Spirituous Tincture. 7. An Acid Tincture. 8. An Oily Tincture. 9. A Saline Tincture. ic. A Lotion.
II. An Ointment. 12. A Balsam. 15. A Cataplasm. 14. A Fixed Salt.
X. The Liquid Juice. It is excellent for such as are Livergrown, or troubled with the Rickets : It strengthens the whole Body, and being drunk inwardly to two, three, or four ounces at a time, it conrributes to the healing of old Ulcers, running Sores, and Fiftula's, and to the uniting of broken Bones, and Corroborating any Member out of Joint.
XI. The Essence. It Dries and Aftringes moderately, and is of good use for such as'have got a fall, and are inwardly Bruised, for that it dissolves the congealed Blood, and disperses it. It has all the Virtues of the Liquid Juice, and is very effectual to itrengthen the inward parts, and to cause to heal all manner of running Sores, foetid Ulcers, and Fiftu-la's, whether they be old or new. Dose five or fix spoonfuls in a Glass of Red Port Wine.
XII. The Decoction in Wine. It has the Virtues of the Juice and FlTence, but not full out so powerful : it is good to cleanse old running Sores and Ulcers, by warning them therewith.
XIII. The Syrup. Whether it is made of the Herb, or of its Juice, it is an excellent thing against Coughs, Colds, Hoarsness, Wheezings, shortness of Breath, difficulty of breathing, Soreness of the Breft and Stomach, and other Diltempers of those parts: it stops spitting of Blood, and cures Ulcers of the Lungs.
XIV. The Distilled Water. It is a good Vehicle