This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
Leaves are somewhat broad, ana like unto the Leaves of the rough or prickly Bindweed, and terminate in a fkarp point. The blowers come forth at the Joints upon long Stalks, many clujhring together, in long, thin, orfparfed Qufiers, each one consisting of five small white Leaves', and after they are fallen, there come in their places J mall Berries, first green, and red when they are ripe, and sometimes changing a little blackish as they grow old.
IV. The second Kind, has a great thick Root, long, an! not much unlike the former, having a clammy kind of Juice: from which rises up many, long, and Jquare Branches, more hard and woody than the other, and without any Clafpers at all. The Leaves are someichat like to those of the Great Whire Bindweed, of a Jhining color, a little unevenly dented about the edges, and standing upon long foot fialks : towards the tops of the Stalks at the Joints, with the Leaves come forth white flowers, every one standing on a short Stalk, which afterwards give five Jingle Berries, green at the first, and red when they are ripe, not much less than Cherries, in which are contained four or five somewhat large, round, and black Seed.
V. The third and laft Kind, has a Root somewhat great and blackish on the outside, but of a yellowish color within, and full of a clammy moist Juice, which will cleave to your fingers : whence comes forth many long green Branches, on which grow several broad Leaves, somewhat long pointed, and not divided on the edges at all, of a fad or dark green color, having at the Joints, with the Leaves, clafping tendrels, by which it takes hold, and winds it self about any thing which stands next to it. Towards the tops come forth long Bunches of whitish jMojfie flowers, which being past, there come Berries, which are green at first, and black when they come to ripe-ness.
VI. The Places. The first of these grow on Bank-fides, and under Hedges, and Woody places in many places throughout this Kingdom. The second grows in several places in Germany, as in Ueffia, Saxony, Weftphalia, Pomerania, and other places where the White grows not: the last grows in Grjccia, Italy, Spain, and several Southern Countries, and is not with us unless nouriftied up in Gardens.
VII. The Times. They spring in March, and flower in May, June and July, and their fruit is ripe in August and September.
VIII. Tbe totalities. They are the same with the White, but much weaker in their Cathaitick Virtue, as in purging Flegm, Choler, and Watry Humors.
IX. The Specification. It prevails against the Dropsie, King's-Evil, Diseases of the Womb, and Defilements of the Skin, whatsoever.
X. The Preparations. I. The roafted Root. 2. The Juice. 3. The Essence. 4. The DecoSion. $.The Pouder. 6. The Cataplasm. 7. The Fcecula.
XL The roafted Root. Matthiolus lays, that the Root of our Common Black Bryonie being roafted in the Embers, and eaten, is a powerful Medicine to irxrEase Luft, provoke Venery, and ftimulate the Inftruments of Generation to that aft : but Lobel sharply reproves him for it, as not believing it.
XII. The Juice. Mixed with Wine and Honey, and drunk, it is good against the King's-Evil: and fimpie of it self, it cleanses the Skin of Spots and Marks, Morphew, Scurf, Leprofie, Tettars, Ring-Worms, &c. it eases Pain, strengthens the Nerves, difculTes Contusions, c. Dole half an ounce, to one ounce, or more,
XIII. The Essence. It purges Flegm, and Watry Humors, provokes Urine, and is good against the Falling-sickness, Paliie, Hysterick Fits, Vapors from the Spleen and Womb, with other like Diseases of those parts. It is prevalent against the King's-Evil, all foits of Kernels, Knots, and hard Swellings in the Neck and Throat, or other parts. Dole, rwo, three, or four spoonfuls in a Glass of Wine, according to age and strength.
XIV. The Decottwn in Wine. It has the Virtues of the Essence, but not altogether so powerful, and may be taken to fix or eight ounces : it is prevalent against the Dropsie, Jaundice, and King's-Evil, and such other Diseases as proceed from the Plenitude and Corruption of Humors.
XV. The Pouder. It is made of the Root, and may be given from a scruple to two scruples, to
εurge away Cold, Serous Megmatick, and Watry [umors, and to remove the Original Cause of the King's-Evil: It has the Virtues of the Essence.
XVI. The Cataplasm. It is made of the Root beaten to a Pulp in a Mortar, and mixed with a little Honey. This being laid or fpread upon Sheeps Leather, whilst it is yet ffeih and green, takes away black or blew Marks, and all Scars and Deformities of the Skin, ripens and breaks hard Apoftems, draws forth Splinters, Thorns, and broken Bones, dissolves congealed Blood h and being applied to the Hips, and Huckle-bones in the Sciatica, Shoulders, Arms, or other parts, where there is great Pains and Weakness, it effectually removes the same in a very short time: Gerard. And applied to any place out of Joint, it is good to ease the Pain, to confolidatc and strengthen the Nerves, rhat they may not easily again be put out of their places. Parkinson. ·
XVII. A Cataplasm of the Leaves. Being bruised and fprinkled with Wine, and applied to the galled Necks of Oxen, which are hurt with the Yoke, it heals them : I suppose it will heal Gallings and Sores in Mankind also, being applied.
XVIII. A Cataplasm of the Berries. It removes Sun-burnings, Tanning, Spots, and other blemifhes of the Skin, takes away black and blew Marks, which come from falls, blows, Bruises, tfc. being applied to them.
XIX. The foecula. It has the Virtues of the Pouder and Essence, is very powerful to the purposes intended it is prevalent against Pfora, 01 Scabs, Manginess, Leprofie, King's-Evil, Dropsie, &c. Dofe. It may be given in Wine or Broth from ten grains to a scruple, plus minus, according ro the age and strength of the Patient.
chap. xci. bucks-horn.
I. HP HE Names. It is called in Greek KofvrtiM, JL from the fimilitude it has to a Crows foot: but the true Greek name is Άμβ&σ'ΐΛ : the Latins call it Cornu Cervi, or Cervinum, Coronapus Ruellij^ Herba Stella, ( both, from the form of the Leaves) Sanguinaria and Sanguinalis ( from its ftopping of Blood:) Harenaria, ( from the Sandiness of the place it grows in : ) and Nafturtium Verrucarium, (from the likeness of its Seeds to Warts:) And we in Engiifh call it, Bucks-horn, Swines Creffes, and Wart Creffes.
II. The Kinds. It is twofold, 1. Coronopus refla Ruellij, Ambrofia JSUtthioli, Upright Bucks-horn,