This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
many long, rough, trailing Branches, in the same manner like the former in all refpefts, from which spring clafping Tendre/s, winding it self upon any thing which stands next it, as the other does. It has broad Leaves, with such divisions therein, as the other have, but that they are somewhat smaller, green-er, and striped with zohite lines through the middle, as like wife in the Veins which go to the Corners. The Mowers are somewhat greater than the former, of a pale whitish color, standing every one upon a little longer Eootstalk, which being past, there comes Berries in their places, which are at first green, but red when full ripe, and differing in form from the others, for standing Semicircular upon the Stalks they are joined at the bottom, as if it were but one Berry, but are parted at the tops into two parts, wherein are contained two Seeds, from whence aroje the Sinuime of Dicoccos.
VI. The Places. The first grows on Banks, or under Hedges where are Trees, ohrubs, and Quickfets, in many places throughout the Kingdom. The Je-cond is found in like places, but where the former with red Berries is not, and is found in some places in Germany, Bohemia, &c. The loft grows plentifully in Candia, from whence Honorius Bellus lent the Seed to Clusius, and others.
VII. The Times. They all flower in the Month of July and August, fome earlier, some later, according to the Clime they grow in, and the warmth or coldnels of the Seasons of the Year ; and their Fruit or Seed is ripe in some little time after.
VIIL The Qualities. They are hot and dry in the third Degree, Attractive, Abfterfive, Cephalick, Ne-phritick, Hysterick, Arthritick, and Cathartick, purging as well Choler as Phlegm, and Watry Humors.
IX. The Specification. It is a peculiar thing a-gainft the Dropsie, and Kings-Evil.
X. The Preparations. You may make therefrom, i. A Distilled Water of the Root, Berries, and whole Plant. 2. A Juice of the Berries. 3. A Juice of the Root. 4. An Essence of the Root. $. A Deco-8ion of the Root. 6. A Syrup of the same. 7. A Pouder of the Root. 8. An EleQuary of the Root. 9. A Fcccula thereof. 10. A Pessary of the Root. 11. A Saline Tincture thereof. 12. A Bathe of the Root, and whole Plant. 13. A Cataplasm of the Root. 14. An Oil, or Ointment.
XI. The Distilled Water of the whole Plant. It is good against Scurf, Morphew, Leprofie, Manginess, Spots, Freckles, Tanning, Sun-burning, £?V. the Face and Skin being often wafhed therewith.
XII. The Juice of the Berries. It has all the same Virtues, but is much stronger, and is said to be a peculiar thing for the cure of Tettars and Ringworms, Herpes, Scabs, Itch, and other breakings out.
XIII. The Juice of the Root. It is thus Made or Extracted. In April take away the Earth, and uncover the Root which done, make a deep but narrow overthwart cut or gajh into it ·, and put in a Goose Quill a little under the Slit, letting the guill lye fioping or leaning downwards, when thruft into the Root ·, bat first make a hole with your Knife to get in the Quill · then placing a Receiver under the £>uill,*you will get a great ft ore of the Juice, which will drop thereinto. A spoonful hereof raken by such as are troubled with Fits of the Mother it helps them h and it is likewife profitable against the Aooplexy Epilepsie, Palfie, Vertigo, and other like Diseases of the Head and Brain, which it performs by a Specifick Virtue, which it has in attracting or
drawing away Flegm, and Rheumatick Humors which oppress and afflict those parts. It may be also used as an Errhine up the Noftrils, by which way also it purges the Head and Brain admirably, evacuating all such Superfluous Humors, which cause Lethargies, Megrims, Head-ach, or any of the aforenamed Diseases afflicting those parts.
XIV. The Essence. It has ail the Virtues of the aforementioned Juice, and may be given from half an ounce to an ounce, more or less, according to the ige and strength of the Patient. It is a peculiar thing against the Dropsie, Kings-Evil, Rheumatisms, and Gout; but it purges with great Violence, troubling the Stomach, so that it works both upwards and downwards, and therefore according to the Opinion of Authors, it ought to be corrected with Ginger, Cinnamon, Winters Cinnamon, Nutmegs, Cloves, Pepper, Juice of Quinces, &c. It is very profitable against Watry Humors, which it evacuates abundantly, both by Vomit and Stool, and therefore is a peculiar thing against the Drophe,^. It may be mixed with White Port Wine, and so drank. It opens Obstructions of the Urinarv parts, provokes Urine, and cleanses the Reins and Ureters from Sand, Gravel, Slime, and other Viscous and Tartarous Matters apt to be lodged in those parts. It opens Obstructions of the Spleen, and takes a-way the hardness and fwelling thereof. It is good ( being outwardly applied ) to cleanse the Skin of Scurf, Morphew, Leprofie, Scabs, Itch, Manginess, Herpes, Tettars, Ring-worms, Freckles, Lentils, black and blew Spots, which come from falls, brui-fes, and the like, and dissolves new Swellings, and expells the dead Child.
XV. The Decoction of the Root in Wine. It has all the Virtues of the Essence, but not full out so powerful, and therefore ought to be given in a larger Dose, as from one ounce to two, three, or four, according to age and strength. It is an excellent thing against Hysterick Fits, and Vapors in Women, for it opens Obstructions of the Womb powerfully, and facilitates the birth of Women in Travel, but you ought to be fure the time is near, left it do ■ mifchief h let it be corrected with hot Spices in the making, as before directed, because they also promote this end.
XVI. The Syrup. It may be made either of the Juice, Essence, or Decoction according to which, it will be of mote or less strength. It has all the Virtues of those things of which it is made, but not altogether so effectual, becaule of its being clogged with such a quantity of Honey or Sugar, which is neceflary to bring it into a Syrup. But it is better for Women and Children, and Qusrfie Stomachs, because of its pleasantness in taking. It is good a-gainft Coughs, Colds, shortness of Breath, Asthma's, and kills Worms in the Body : Dose, one, two, or three ounces in a Glass of Wine.
XVII. The Pouder of the Root. It has the Virtues of the Juice and Essence, but is thought to work strongeT : being taken in White Port Wine, from a a icruple to a dtam, it is good against the bitings of \ enomous Creatures, and kills Worms in Children prevails against the Gout, Rheumatism, Dropsie, and Ktng's-Evil, and provokes the Terms in Women, but it ought not to be given to Women with Child, because it may induce mifcarriage or Abortion. If it is thus compounded, it becomes a famous Medicament. J£. Bryonie Root in fine pouder a pound: Scammony twelve ounces : Cambogium in pouder eight ounces : Liquorice in pouder fix ounces · Aurum Vitx four ounces : mix all together. Dose from fixteen Grains to half a Dram. It is * famous thing for the cure of the Gout, Sciatica, Rheumatism, Dropsie, Jaundice, and King's-EviL