This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
divided into several Branches, having on them thick, smooth, and broad deep green'Leaves, somewhat like
to those of Purflane, but of a deeper green color,
and set upon the Stalks by couples. The flowers grow upon small, long, tender Pootstalks, which thruii
them)elves forth from the Bofom of the Leaves, of a per jell blew color, and not much unlike to the Leaves of the Mowers of the Land Pimpernel, consisting of five small round pointed Leaves apiece, which being gone, in afiort time after comes a sort of small Seed.
IV. The Greater Brooklime this differs nothing from the former, but in having larger and rounder Leaves, and a paler blew colored Flower.
^ V. The Greater long leav'd Brooklime this differs little, or almost nothing from the former, but in the leaf, which is longer pointed, and dented about the edges and in the blowers, which are of a pale whitish blew color.
VI. The LefTer long leav'd Brooklime, this has a Root consisting of a small bujh of White Fibres, but not running far, from whence Spring many smooth, pale, green Leaves, small at the bottoms, but broad and round at the ends, long and not dented, which lying upon the ground, are almost like those of the Common Field Oaify : the Stalk is round, about a Foot, more or less, high, with divers smaller Leaves thereon, set one by one up to the Top, from whence come forth many branched Spikes of white Flowers, consisting of one Leaf divided into five parts, growing at first as it were in an umble, but afterwards more fpike fafhiorid.
VII. The Places. They grow by River sides, small running Brooks, standing Waters, and Dirch sides. The latt of them grows in the Marftes of Dartfor* in Kent, also between Sandwich and Sandown-Caftle, and in the Ditches on this side Sandwich.
VIII. The. Times. They all flower in June ana July, and yield their Seed in August.
iX. The Qualities. They are hot and dry in the second Degree, Digestive, Difcuffive, Attractive and Diuretick ·, Stomatick, Hepatick, Nephritick, Hy-fterick, Alterative, Spermatogenetick.
X. The Specification. It is peculiar against the Scurvey, to cleanse the Blood, and open ObftrucFi-ons of the Womb.
XI. The Preparations. You may make therefrom, I. A Distilled Water. 2. A Spirit. 3 A liquid Juice. 4. An Essence. 5. A Spirituous Tincture. 6. An Acid Tincture. 7. A Saline Tin-Sure. 8. An Oily Tincture. 9. A Fixed Salt. 10. A Cataplasm.
XII. The Distilled Water from the whole Plant. It is good against Stone and Gravel in the Reins, Ureters, and Bladder, opens Obstructions of the Urinary Paifages, and is used as a Vehicle, to convey the other Preparations of the Herb in. Dose five or fix ounces twice or thrice a day.
XIII. The Spirit. It is made as Spirit of Scur-ν}"&*Φ' It is good for a weak Stomach, reef ifies Crudities,and removesNaufeoufness and Vomiting, and other Distempers of that Bowel, and therefore is a very effectual thing against the Scurvy, which the Greeks call the Stomach Disease, as having its Koot and foundation there. Dose thirty or sorty drops in Wine, or some other proper Vehicle, Morning and Evening chiefly ·, but it may be given at other times of the Day upon any occafion of Stomach sickness. It is an excellent thing in cold Con-it! tutions ·, but such as are of a hot habit of Body ate to forbear it.
XIV. The liquid Juice. It is said to be effectual to break the Stone in Reins and Bladder (if made
of a gritty friable fubitance) and to expell it, for it opens all the Urinary passages, and powerfully provokes Urine, giving ease in the Strangury, Di-lury, and other like affecf ions ot those parts. Dose from two spoonfuls to fix, Morning and Evening, in a Glass of Ale, Beer, Mead, or Wine.
XV. The Essence. It has all the Virrues of the Liquid Juice, befides which it is profitable against Ulcers of the Bladder, to provoke the Terms in Women, and expell the Dead Child. It is a lingular thing against the Dropsie Sarcites, it its impregnated with the fixed Salt of the Plant, and be daily given in all the Liquor the Patient drinks. It purities, or cleanies the Blood from all ill humors, and
girfecflv eradicates the Scurvy in a cold habit of ody, Univerfals being also premifed. It is belt taken in the Spring time, and Fall of the Leaf, because then the Blood and Humors are thin and ftuxile, and more apt to pafs a depuration. Dole from one ounce to three ounces Morning and Evening.
XVI. The Spirituous Tincture. It has the Virtues of the Spirit aforementioned, at Sect. XIII. a-rotegoing, but much more powerful; and may be £jiven from twenty drops to sorty in any proper Stomatick Vehicle, or Wine.
XVII. T7?e Acid Tincture. It is a potent Antifcorbutick, and may safely be given as well in a hot as a cold Conttitution. It powerfully opens Obstructions, provokes Urine, and the Courles, breaks and dissolves the Stone, expells Tarratous Matter out ot the Body, helps in Rheumatisms and the Gout, and gives ease in wandring pains running over the whole Body. Dose so many drops at a time, as may make a Glals of Ale, Beer, Mead, or Wine gratefully sharp, so as if the Juice ot an O-range was fqueezed into it.
XVIII. The Saline Tincture. This, tho' given inwardly, powerfully provokes Urine, and opens Obstructions, yet it is mostly used in outward applications, as to discusses Swellings in the Legs in the Dropsie, by somenting them therewith ·, to ease pains ot the Gout, and to prevent an incipient Gan-greene. It clears the skin of Scurf, Morphew, and such other like defilements, if often washed therewith.
XIX. The Oily Tincture. It is good against the Palfie, and Convulsions of the Nerves, being often anointed upon the Parts affected. It eases all sorts ot Pains in any Part, proceeding from a cold Cause; and being applied to moist Wounds, it defends them from Accidents. Being well anointed upon any Tumor or Part inclining to a Mortification, it prevents it, and conduces much to the Cure.
XX. The Fixed Salt. It is Deobftru&ive and Diuretick, bringing away much Water in Hydro-pick Persons, and carrying off much of the Morbi-fick cause of the Scurvy, by Urine, being given in White Port, or Rhenijh Wine, or some other proper Vehicle, three, four, or five times a day. Dole from fifteen grains to half a dram.
XXI. The Cataplasm. It is made of the Leaves or Herb, boiled, and beaten in a Stone or Wooden Mortar. Applied to Swollen Legs, or any other part Tumified with the Dropsie, it is said to discusses or abate the Tumor. If it is made into a Cataplasm, with the addition of Hogs Lard, the Pulp of Alarfh-mallow Roots, and the pouders of Fenugreek seed and Linfeed, and be applied warm, it takes away any Swelling in Arms or Legs; and is also powerful in defending Wounds, lb as to prevent their Apoftumating, and to prevent any other ill accident which may happen to them. Farriers fometimes use it also in curing Horses, to remove Tumors, and he^al their Scabs, with other like Diseases incident to them.