This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
also found in Hungary : about thirty Years iince as I was a walking, I found it in some Wafte and Barren Grounds about Low-Lay ton near London : This is supposed to be Clufuts his Chamagenifta Pannom-ca feptima.
VI. The Times. They Flower sometimes earlier, sometimes later in the Summer Months, as in June and July, to the end of August, and the Seed ripens in the mean feafon
VII. The Qualities. They are both hot and dry in the second Degree, and said to be of one and the same, and equal Virtues: They are Aperitive, Ab-fterfive, Diuretick, and Traumatick or Vulnerary: Hepatick, Splenetick, Hysterick, Nephritick, Arthri-tick, and Alterative : but the Seed some say is Cathartick.
VIII The Specification. It is of peculiar use a-gainft the Dropsie, Jaundice, Gout, and Kings-Evil, as also Distempers of the Reins and Bladder.
IX. The Preparations. You may make trom these Plants : i. A Dill Med Water. 2. A Decoction in Wine. %. A Liquid Juice. 4. An lnfpi(Jate juice. 5. An Essence. 6. An Oil distilled. 7. A Spirituous Tincture. 8. An Acid Tincture. 9. An Oily Tincture. 10. A Saline Tincture. II. A Syrup. 12. A Fixed Salt of the AJhes. it,. A Pouder oj the Leaves and Seeds. 14. A Conserve of the Flowers. 15. An Oil. 16. An Ointment. 17. A Balsam. 18. Geniftdemel. 19. A Cataplasm. 20. A Pickle of the Buds.
X. The distilled Water. Whether it is made of the Fiowers, or of the green Branches, or both, it is said to be gooo* against Surfeits \ and taken, with equal quantities of the leller Centory Water, and the Patient laid down to Sweat upon it, it is laid to alter the Fits ot Agues. It is a good Vehicle toi some of the following Preparations.
XI. The Decoction in Wine. It is good against the Dropsie, Jaundice and Gout, and to cleanse the Reins, Ureters, and Bladder, of Sand, Gravel, and other Tartarous matter.
XII. The liquid Juice, made of the young Branches, and flowery Heads. It purges downwards Phlegmatick and Watry Humors, and therefore is good for such as have the Dropsie, more especially if it is used with White Port, or Rhenijh Wine: but possibly in some other Cases it may be better used with Water. It is profitable against the Gout and Sciatica, and other pains of the Joints and Limbs. It eases pains in the Sides, and is good a-gainft Tumors of the Spleen. It cleanses the Reins, Ureters, and Bladder, of Srones, Sand, and Gravel, or any Tartarous Matter Obftru£ling them, bringing forth the offending Matter by Urine, which it admirably provokes. Dose three, four or fix oun ces in Wine, twice or thrice a day, as you see need requires.
XIII. The Inspissate Juice. The Virtues are the same with, the former. Dole from j. to iij. diams: dissolve it in Wine over a gentle heat, and so drink it.
XIV. The Essence. It has all the Virtues of the Liquid Juice, before enumerated : It opens Obstructions of the Liver and Spleen, is good against Pains and Stitches in the Sides, difficulty of Breathing, and shortness of Breath h and as it cleanses the Reins and Urinary paflages of Gravel and Stones, it is said so perfeaiy to remove the Cause, as to hinder their ever breeding again. Moreover, it prevails against the Kings-Evil, and powerfully ftrikesat the Root of the Cause. It opens Obftruaions of the Womb, and provokes the Terms in Women, where
chcy are ilopt. Dole five, fix or eight spoonfuls, ill White Port or Rhenijh Wine.
XV. The distilled Oil. It is made from the Seed and Roots dried, as Oil of SafTafras, and other like things is made. Its ule is External to Anoint with, to take away Spots, Freckles, Pimples, and other deformities of the skin.
XVI. Tl?e Spirituous Tincture. It is a peculiar ing against the Scurvy, and tostrengthen the Stolen and Bowels, whillt the Dropsie is in curing.
Dose two drams.
XVII. The Acid Tincture. If it is often and long taken, it destroys the Scurvy, Dropsie, and Kings-Evil in their Roots, and destroys the preternatural heat in all Burning, Malign, and Peltilential Fevers. It opens Obftruaions of all the Vifccra,and in a word, performs all that the Liquid Juice or Essence can do -y and with this advantage, that this may be taken where there is an extreme weakness of the Stomach, when those things cannot. It helps lhoitness of Breathy and difficulty of Breathing, strengthens a weak Stomach, and causes a good Appetite in such as loath their Food, or cannot endure to see it in their fight. Dose from a quarter to almost half a spoonf ul, in Ale, Beer, or W ine, three, tour or five 1 imes a day.
XVIII. The Oily Tincture. It is good against external Evils, and deformities of the Skin, as Spots, Freckles, Lentils, Pimples, Wheals, Scurf, Morphew, and such other like Diseases ·, eases Pains and Aches from a cold cause, in what part of the Body soever : and being taken inwardly from ten drops to twenty, or more, in any Diuretick Vehicle, it gives present ease to Pains of the Back, though never so extream, provokes Urine, takes away the neat and fcalding thereof, and expells Sand, Gravel, and Tartarous Matter.
XIX. The Saline Tincture. It is good in hot Tumors, and all hot Eruptions, and deformities of the Skin, proceeding from heat, or where they happen in hot Constitutions. Inwardly given, it powerfully provokes Urine, and therefore may be ot good use in the Dropsie Sarcites, to drain the water out of the whole F>ody. It kills small Worms in the Skin, which breed in an extravagant manner in some People, chiefly in the Forehead, Nose and Chin.
XX. The Syrup. If it is made of the Juice; it has the Virtues of the Juice, and Essence, but not full out so powerful h however it is better for Children, Ladies, and such as are Queafie Stomached: It purges gently, and carries off the Recrements of Humors. Dole two ounces to four in a Glass ©f Port Wine : It is a Angular thing against the Dropsie, Jaundice and Kings-Evil.
XXI. The Fixed Salt. It is made of the Aih.es by Elixiviation in Water, being drank daily in Ale, Beer, or Wine, it is said alone to cure the Dropsy, and to be a Specifick for the same. Dose from a scruple to half a dram, in every good draught of Ale, Beer or Wine. And so taken in White or Rhe-nijh Wine, it is not only a Specifick against the Dropsie, but as Authors say, it cures the Green-fickness also : however it is not to be used in too great a quantity, left it should by its vehement aperitive and ablterfive Qualities, fret or hurt the Bowels, but it may be given in the Liquid Juice or EfTence, whereby it exalts their Virtues, and makes them the more powerful to all the intentions they are propofed for.
XXII. The Pouder of the Leaves and Seed. Taken to a dram, or dram and half, in Beer or Wine, it purges downwards Cold, Flegmatick, and Watery Humors, expells tfk Water in Dropsies, helps the Gout and Sciatica Ancfcby a constant use thereof in