This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
it is good against redness and inflammation of the Eyes, they being washed therewith.
XVI. The Conserve of the flowers. Thev are chiefly used as a Cordial Sweet-meat, and to restore such as have been long in a Consumption, being often taken with new Cows Milk, viz. such as is warm from the Cow, and in which the heat is pre-ferved all day, by the help of the heat of a Sand Furnace.
XVII. The Acid Tincture. It is an admirable Stomatick and Cordial, refrefhes the languiihing Stomach, and causes a good Appetite : It prevails against the Scurvy, Dropsie, Jaundice and Gout^ removes Sickncfs at Heart, and Hops a vehement and preternatural Vomiting. If used as a Gargle, by mixing it with some of the Distilled Water, and Syrup, it cures Cankers, and Ulcers of the Mouth and Throat, and allays Inflammations of theToniils. This TinUure is a notable thing against all burning, malign, putrid, and pestilential Fevers, and profligates even the Plague it self ; for it immediately allays the preternatural heat, quenches the violent thirft, resists the puttidity of the Humors, and profligates the Poison of the very Pestilence it self. It cools, opens Obstructions, and rectihes the Difcralie of the Blood and Humors, beyond many other more Specious, and much Celebrated Medicaments.
XVIII. The Balsam. It is an excellent Vulnerary \ it cleanses old Ulcers, and other Putrid and Running Sores and heals green Wounds to a miracle j I commend it by Experience to my Countrymen.
XIX. The Afhes. If they be boiled ia Mead or Honeyed Water, it will be a Gargle for the curing Inflammations of the Throat and Tonfils, Ulcers of the Mouth, &c. And if they be boiled in fair water, and that water mixed with Juice of Fumitory, it will make a Lotion against Scabs, Itch, Tettars, Ringworms, Scurf, Morphew, and other breakings out, arising from sharp and aduft Humors.
XX. The Spirit. It is made of the Juice of the Plant, fermented with Honey, Sugar, Melloflus, or Leaven, and then Distilled in an Alembick. It is a great Cordial, much exceeding Spirit of Wine in Fainting and Swooning Fits, Sickness at Heart, Palpitation, and other PalTions of the Heart: It chears the Spirits, recreates Nature, and makes Merry, pro-fligatingthe most profound powers of Melancholly. Dole one Dram, or two, to rout Drams, alone, if dulcified, otherwise to be mixed with a Glass of Wine.
CHAP. LXXXIV. BROOM Common.
ι.'ΊΠ Ηε Names. This our Broom was scarcely X known to the Ancient Greeks, though some have given it the name of ς?π/?τ*οι» Spartion : However it is called generally in Latin, Genifta-, and Scoparia, as Gerard and Parkinson ; fome fup-pofe it to be called Genifta a genuum ftexilitate, from the fiexibleness of its Joints; or, Quiagenibus medeatur dolentibm, because it eases the pain of the Knees: or, quod facile generet,fpeciemque propaget, because it eaiily encreaies,and is not without trouble destroyed where it takes Rooting: also Genefta au-gulofa trifolia,*$J. BauhinandMr.&/y : In Englifi^ Broom, and Common Broom.
IL The Kinds. There are but two kinds, which we shall take notice of in this book : The Eng-ι'Φ> 2. The Spanijh. The EnglZh Broom is twofold, viz* 1. Scoparia^ or Genifta vmgaris% our Common
Field or Heath Broom. 2. Gemftella, Cham fgenifta Dwarf Broom. Gerard calls it, Chamtginefia Angelica.
III. The description. Common Broom has a Root which is long and woody, but tough withal, fpreading several ways under the Earth, never perishing, but sending forth new Jhoots every Year, and more especially, if the old Stalks are cut down, and taken a-way. Prom these Roots come forth many woody Stems or Stalks, of the bigness of a Mans linger at bottom, sometimes bigger, sometimes lesser, according to its length of time in growing, rising up to the height of four or five leet, or more, and fpreading into feve-ral the like woody Branches, making a kind of Shrub or Bufh, as it were, covered with a hard and thin dark, grayish, green Bark, from which fhoot forth a great number of slender, pliant, square or cornered small Twiggs, like Rufhes, upon which grow small, dark, green Leaves. The flowers are large, and of a golden yellow Shining color, growing one above another for a good J pace, till they come to the Tops of the Branches, which turn into hard, flat, small Cods, almost black when they are ripe, and in which are con-tamed small and fhming, brownish Seed.
IV. Geniftella or Dwarf Broom has a Root long and tough, long lasting, end fpreading much under ground : This Plant never grows very great or higfy neither come its slender, pliant, green Branches to be hard or woody, but they always,keep low, rising up but a little more than a foot in height. Upon its green pliant twigs, are set small and something long Leaves, of a dark, green color on the upper side, and gray underneath, abiding on them all the Slimmer time : at the tops grow small yellow flowers, not so yellow, nor so large as the former, but like unto them for the form $ which being past, there succeeds little long Pods or Cods of Seed, which are like to the first\, but smaller.
V. 'The Places. The first grows very plentifully in# many places of our Land, as upon Heaths, Bar" ren Places, and Uncultivated Grounds, as well as in Prance, Germany, Italy, and Spain : The other is also found in many Parts of this Kingdom * and is