This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
thought came our name Borage, by the alteration or one Letter ·, but this name is not to'be found in any ot the Ancient Writers : In Englift,we call it Borage. . II. The Kinds. There are several Kinds hereof: as, i. Borago Vulgaris, Borago hortensis, \lonbus Ccruleis, Common Garden Borage with Blew flowers. 2. Borago flore albo, Borage with a White flower. 3. Borago fem per Vivens, Everliving Borage.
III. The description. // has a Root, thicker and fiorter than that of Buglois, fomething blackish without, and whitish within, perishing after Seed time, but rises again of its own Sowing, in the Spring of the Tear. The Leaves are broader, fiorter, greener, rougher, and more crumpled than are the Leaves of Buglois. The Stalks hereof are not so high, but branched out into many parts, whereon β and larger flowers, and more pointed at the end than Buglofs, and of a paler blew color for the most part, yet sometimes the flowers are reddish each flower confiffs of five Leaves, standing in a round whitish hairy husk, divided into five parts, or leaves; in the middle of the Flower grow forth a number of fine black Threads, standing out, pointed at the end, and broad at the bottom ; which being past away, there succeeds several roundish black Seeds.
IV. Borago floribus albis, Borage with white flowers, is a plant like to the other in all refpetts, except the color of the flowers, for at they are perfectly blew, these are purely white, and in this particular the difference only consists.
V. The Everliving Borage, has Roots black, thicker than-cither of the former, and more fpreading, not dying in the Winter, but yielding green Leaves all the Winter h:ig. h ha* very many broad Leaves, rough and hairy, more refembitng Comfrey than Borage, yet not so large as either, of a black, dark, green color. Among which rise up stiff hairy Stalks, but not β high a* those of our Common Garden Borage, upon which do grow many small, fair, blew flowers, very like to the flowers of Buglofs for the form, and of Borage for the color : There are Bads, flowers, and ripe Seed, all at once, for
Iwhich reason it is called Everlafting, and that very properly, because it not only lofts both Summer and Winter, but is seldom without Buds, flowers, and Seed, ripe and unripe together, by which it wonderfully increases.
VI. The Places. The first is common in almost all Gardens : The second and third are not so common, but they grow with us in Gardens, as easily as the former.
VII. T}?e Times. They Flower throughout all the Summer Months, till the Autumn is well lpent; and their Seed ripens in the mean feafon.
VIII. ll?e Qualities. They are Temperate in re-fpect of heat or cold, and moist in the first Degree, Ablferfive, Aperitive, Emollient, Cordial, Alterative, and Alexipharmick.
IX. The Specification. They wonderfully chear the Heart, expelling Sadness and Melancholly, according to the Veriev
Stultis, Leprofis, Tabids, Timidis, Furiofis, Dicit Borago, gaudio femper ago.
Purificat Sanguinem, & Cor Utificat. It purifies the Blood, and makes the Heart merry.
X. The Preparations. You may have therefrom: I. A liquid Juice. 2. An Essence. 3. Λ Distilled Water of the whole Plant. 4. A Syrup. An In-fufion in Wine. 6. A Conserve of the Flowers. 7. An Acid Tincture. 8. A Balsam. 9. Ajhes. 1 α A Spirit.
XI. The liquid Juice. It effectually purifies the Blood, and is of excellent use in all Putrid, Malign, Spotted and pestilential Fevers, to defend the Heart from their Poison and Malignity, and to expell the same, as also the Poison of other Creatures. It cools, opens Obstructions, cleanses the Blood and Humors, and is effectual in the cure of the Yellow Jaundice. Dose from three to eight spoonfuls, or more, in Wine, or mixed with the Distilled Water, or in some other fit Vehicle, two or three times a day.
XII. The Essence. It has all the Virtues of the former, more exalted, and therefore more power, fully and effectually cheers the Heart, and expells Melancholly. It is an excellent Cordial, revives the Spirits, strengthens Nature, is good against Fainting and Swooning Fits, and other PalTions of the Heart, and testores such as have been long wasting in a Consumption. It may be given from two to four or fix ounces at a time, and that two or three times a day, in Wine, or some other fit Vehicle, and it may be sweetned, or made pleasant with Syrup of Borage. This Essence is Traumatick, and contributes very much towards the curing of Wounds, or old Running Ulcers, and Fiftula's, in Bodies of an ill habit.
XIII. The Distilled Water. It has the Virtues of the former, but nothing near so powerful 5 but it may be used as a Vehicle to convey the other things
XIV. The Syrup. It is of the Nature of the Essence, tho1 not so Strong and Effectual it is Cordial, opens Obstructions of the Breft and Lungs, helps Coughs, Colds, Wheezings, Asthma's, short-ness of Breath, and mixt with Juice of Fumitonr, it cools and cleanses the Blood, and is profitable against the Yellow Jaundice. Dole two ounces.
XV. The Infusion of the Herb in Wine. It very fenfibly and admirably recreates the Spirits, and gratifies or pleases the Stomach, is good against the Cardiack Paflion, and Melancholly, and is prevalent against the Falling-sickness : If it is a strong Infusion,