This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
CHAP. LXXXII. BLOOD-WORT.
I. HE Names. It is called in G/r<?£ λλ«9<* X i?f : In L.7//tf, Lapathum Sangumeum, as
Parkinson: Sanguis Draconis Herba, as /. Bauhin :
Lapathum folio acuto rubente, as C Bauhin: In Eng-
lift), Blood-wort. IL Tfo Kinds. It is a Species of the Dock, and
differs little but in its color.
III. The description. It has a Root not great, but something long, and very red, abiding many Years, yet sometimes killed by the extream hardness of the Winter : And as it is one of the sort of Docks, so has it long Leaves, like unto the smaller yellow Dock, but overfpread with many red Veins, and over-fbadowed with red upon the green leaf, that it seems sometimes almost wholly red. The Stalk is red or Reddish, bearing such like Leaves, but smaller, up to the Top, where it it divided into divers small Branches, on which grow purplish Ylowers >, after which come three square, dark, red Seed, like unto other Docks.
IV. The Places. It grows chiefly in Gardens, as a Pot-herb, almost throughout the Kingdom : but Parkinson says, it is sometimes found growing Wild.
V. Th" Times. It rises up ύι the Spring of the Year ·, Flowers through all June and July and the Seed is ripe in August.
VI. The Qualities. Blood-wort in relpect to heat or cold is temperate, and dry in the second Degree: k is astringent, Digestive, Difcuffive, and Trauma-tick i Stomatick, Hepatick, Splenetick, and Alterative.
VIL The Specification. It is peculiar for cleaniing
the Blood, and lhengthening it in its Crafts, aul therefore powerful against the Scurvy.
VIII. The Preparations. You may make thereof 1. A Liquid juice. 2. An Essence. i A Dreo-tiwn in Red Wine. 4. An Acid Tincture. 5. A Syrup. 6. A Saline Tmliure. 7. A Balsam. b. A Cataplasm. 9. A Pouder of the Seed.
IX. The Liquid juice. Taken from one ounce to four, either alone by it self, or mixed with Wine, it removes'the Diicrafie of the Blood and Humors, cleanses it, and renews the whole Bloody Mais, like to the Btood of a young Child : It ought to be given Morning and Night for several Days.
X. The Essence. It has the Virtues of the Juice, strengthens the Stomach, Liver, and other Bowels, stops Fluxes of the Belly, chiefly the Bloody Flux,' helps Spitting of Blood, and the Subveriion or Loathing of the Stomach through Choler: It opens Ohffructions, and is profitable against the Jaundice. Dose four or fix Spoonfuls, or more.
XI. The Deception. It has the Virtues of the Essence, but not full out lo powerful; and being outwardly used it is good against Freckles, Tannings, Sun-burnings, Morphew, and other like defilements of the skin. Taken inwardly to fix ounces, it opens Obstructions of the Liver and Spleen, ftrengrhens the Vijcera, and stops all Fluxes of Blood. It may be made both of Roots and Leaves in Red Port Wine.
XII. The Acid Tincture. This is more ftomatick than any of the former, purifies the Blood, rectifies the Humors, and cures the Scurvy whether in Old or Young: The Dole is from a quarter of a ipoon-ful to half, in Wine, or any proper Vehicle. Be-fides all this, it kills. Worms in Children, and is good against the Dfopfie quenches Thirif, restores loft Appetite, and takes away the Preternatural heat of Fevers : A Julep may be made of it, with the Syrup thereof, to be given in all malign and burning Fevers.
XIII. The Syrup It is Pectoral, good against Coughs, Colds, Wheezings, and shortnels of Breath.
XIV. The Saline Tincture. It purifies the Blood by the Urinary Passages, allays the heat of Fevers, is prevalent against Jaundice and Dropsie, and loo-fens the Belly : Outwardly used, it is good against Pimples, Scurf, Morphew, and other breakings out oi the Skin.
XV. The Balsam. It eases Pains, being anointed upon any Part, lpeedily cures Green Wounds, clean-ies Ulcers, incarnates, and heals them.
XVI. The Cataplasm. It is Difculfive, and somewhat Repercuihve, is profitably applied to Contu-fions, and odier Tumors, and gives ease in the Gout.
XVII. The Pouder of the Seed. It is drying and binding, stops Fluxes of all sorts, and bleedings of the Vijcera: and taken in Wine to one dram, it is good against the wounds of the Scorpion, Mad-Dogs, and of other Venomous Beasts.
CHAP. LXXXIII. BORAGE.
I.np HE Names. It is called in Greek, *t»to™*\ JL Euphrofine, ab efjeienda Voluptate : In La* tin, BoragO ; aula videtur λ Cor ago, u/.a htei a v.i-riati. Apuleii/s faid that it was called, Corago, quod cordis affeSibus medetur, and from thence it is