This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
XI. The Inspissate Juke. DhTolvei in a mix ture of Red Wine and Water, it is a singular thing to heal internal wounds, and Hop inward bleeding and to repress the Fits of the Mother. Injected up the Womb two or three times a day, it stops the overflowing, of the Terms, and the Whites in Wo men. If it be reduced to pouder, and drank to one dram in Red Port Wine it heals inward Wounds and outwardly being ftrewed upon any fresh greer Wound, it heals it.
XII. The Spiritous Tincture. It heals inward Wounds, and gives ease in the Colick and is founc to be of excellent use in fainting and swooning Fits. Dose from j. dram to ij. drams in any proper Ve hide. ·
XIII. TJ?e'OleaginousTincture. Given to j. dram, it opens obstructions of the Womb, and is good a gainft Fits of the Mother. It also eases vehement pains in the Back and Reins, being given in a proper Vehicle twice a day.
XIV. The Oil by Infusion in Oil Olive. It is most singular Vulnerary, not only for all sorts of external Wounds, but for inward Wounds also, be ing drunk (in some proper Vehicle) from ij. drams to four, twice or thrice a day. And as for all sorts of outward Wounds which are green or fresh, it drys them, confolidates their Lips, and heals them. It also drys up the Moisture of inveterate of old Ulcers, which hinders them from healing, and dif-
Eoies them to a speedy cure. Being applied with int, it is good against the Piles or Hemorrhoids and being applied hot, it is effectual against Punctures of the Nerves. Some Authors say, that anointed on the Bellies of Women which are Barren, it causes them to be fruitful. It also cures burnings with Fire, or fcaldings with Water, and eases the fringing of Bees, Wafps, Hornets, CV. and being anointed on the Marks, Scars, or blemifhes of
Wounds ; it takes them away, or much abates them.
XV. The Balsam. If it is made of the former Oil, by addition of'Venice Turpentine, or Balsam Capivi", and Bees Wax ·, it becomes a most singular Vulnerary, and in many refpecFs more excellent than the simple Oil, and indeed is much more profitable for the healing of rotten running Sores, and old putrid Ulcers ; applied to Cramps or Convulsions For some time, it helps the same, and is a singular thing to cleanse and heal Ulcers in Womens Breasts, and such as happen in the Secret Parts of Man or Woman.
Chap. LII. Balsam-Apple Female and Yellow.
I. *~T^HE Naities. It is also unknown to the JL ' Greeks : but is called in Latin by Matthiolus, Anguilla, Fuchfius, Gefner and Tragus, Balsamina altera : by Dodoneus, Balsam inum : by Lugdunenfis, Balsamina : by Cordus, Balsamella : by Gefner ad Cordum, Balsamina amigdoloides : by Ca-merarius, Tabermontanus, and Gerard, Balsamina Foemina: by Lobel, Balsamina foemina perficifolia ; and by CeJalpina, Catanance : and in Englifi Balm Apple female. ·
II. The Kinds. It is the second kind of the Balm Apple-, viz. the Female ·, differing very much from the former, both in the form and manner of growing. The Fellow Balsamine is the thitd kind, and by Lobel, Camerarius, Gerard, and others, is called-Persicaria SUiquofa, in Englifi, Codded Arsmart-,
by J Bauhin, Aoli me tangere : by Tragus, Mcr-curialisfylvefiis altera:. by Dodoneus, Impatiens Her-ba · and by Columna, 'Balsam'ita altera.
III. The Description. The Female Balm . does much differ from the former: It has a Root dif perfed into manifold Arms, from whence proceeds' many small firings fpreading under the Earth : The Stalks arise from we main fiock of the Root, which are thick, fat, full of Juice, in fubfiince like 'the stalks of Purftane, of a reddish colour, and somewhjt jhining. The Leaves are long and narrow, much like those of the Willow or Peach tree, a little toothed about the edges : among which come forth the Flowers, of an incarnate colour, tending to bleivnrfis, zvitf) a little tail or fpur annexed thereto, like to Larks heels, of a faint, light Crimson colour. These being gone, there comes up in their places the Fruit, or Apples, rough and hairy, round, and sharp at the1 point, and lesser than those of the Male, at first green, but afterwards yellowish when ripe, the which open of themselves when full ripe, and cafi abroad their Seed, much like unto a Fetch says Dodoneus; or like to Lentils, as other Authors fay. But that whicl} Gerard had in his Garden cafi forth the Seed like Cole-flower, or Muftard-feed, which trade him to think that either the Clime had altered itsfiape, ot that there was two kinds thereof.
IV. The yellow Balsamint ( which Gerard -places with the Arsmarts, and Parkinson with the Merceries) has a black and thready Root, xchich perijlcs every year,from which spring forth Stalks about tzxo foot high; tender, green, and somewhat purpiift?, ho!^ low, smooth, juicy and tranfparent, with large ani eminent Joints : From whence proceed Leaves like hofe <?f French Mercury, a little larger end broader
towards their Stalks, and thereabouts also cut in nth deeper Teeth or Notches. From the brfo/rt cf
ping, with crooked Spurs or Heels, and fpa ted also with red or Crimson spots. The Flowers betm go;:?, there succeeds Cods containing the Seed, wined are bout two Inches long,fiender, knotted, end oj ewoi*