This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
V. The Places. Gerard says they · grow plentifully in Autumn, almost by every Hedge : Parkin-fun says, they are found sometimes in Corn Fields in England, but more often in open Woods and Copses which have been filled, and that almost through all our Countrey more especially if they are stony places.
VI. The Times. They Flower in the latter end of May, all June and July, and the Seed is gradually ripe in July and August.
VII. The Vitalities. They are hot and drv in the first Degree : Difcuifive, astringent, and Vulnerary 5 and dedicated to the Womb.
VIII. The Specification. They are peculiar for stopping Fluxes^ and the Terms in Women more especially for Fluxes of Blood.
IX. The Preparations. You I. A Juice. 2. An Essence. 3 Sure. ά.. An Oily Tincture. 5. Balsam. 7. A Cataplasm.
have from them, A Spirituous Tin-A Decoction. 6. A
X. The Juice. Given from j. ounce to ij. ounces, it strengthens the Stomach and Bowels and bathed upon an Inflamation it aflwages it.
XL The Essence. This is more Stomatick than the former, and given inwardly, stops all sorts of Flaxes, whether of Humors or Blood, as also the Terms in Women. Dose from j. to iij. ounces, in some proper Vehicle.
XII. The. Spirituous Tincture. This has all the Virtues of the former, and is good to take inwardly, to heal Wounds and Ulcers, from j. dram to half an ounce, in a Decoction of the lame Herb 'tis an excellent Vulnerary.
XIII. The Oily Tincture. It is good against Pains and Aches from a cold and moist Cause, gives ease in the Gout, and heals Wounds, PuncFures, or other hurts of the Nerves, by anointing therewith Morning and Evening.
XIV. The Decoction in Wine. By somenting therewith, it DifcutTes hot Tumors and Inflamations ; used as an InjecFion into foul, foetid, and hollow Ulcers, it cleanses them : and daily drunk from iv. to viij. ounces, it stops the overflowing of the Terms in Women, the Bloody Flux, and other Fluxes of the Belly.
XV. The Balsam. It is an excellent Vulnerary, cures Wounds by the first intention and digests and cleanses, old, foul, rotten, and filthy Ulcers with great facility, after which it incarnates, or fills the Ulcer with Flesh, and presently heals it up.
XVI. The Cataplasm. It is made of the Herb chopt small, beaten in a Mortar, and boiled in Milk, and brought to the thickness of a Puitife, with Yolks of Eegs, and Crumbs of Bread. It is Difcuifive, resolutive, and Anodine, and of singular j^ood ule to be applied to a recent Contusion, or a Gout from a cold Cause.
Chap. L. Of Wild Basil.
1·T1 H.E Na»vs. It is called in Greek, KhpctMo, X TiWLeaipes, Bedsfoot Flower, because they refemble the &ds feet: ) in Latin, Ocimum ^hff\ffllCU" ^grefte, Clinopodium : and in Enghjh Wild, or Field Basil, Beds-foot Flower.
1L The Kinds. There are three several Kinds hereof ι ChnopodiumVulgare, Oinopedium minus, (becauselefs than the StoneBasil) Ocimum Sylve-
ftre, by Lobel and Clusius Acinos and Ocimaftrum, by Fuchfius and Dodonaus; Clinopodium, by Anguil-lara and Turner ·, Clinopodium ma jus, by Cameron-us ·, Pulegium Petr<eum, by Gefner ·, Clinopodium Alterum, and Pseudo-Clinopodium, by Matthiolus; Clinopodium Arvenfe Ocimi facie, by Bauhmus·'· and Basilicum Tertium, by Tragus ; in Englifi, Field Basil but the People call this as well as the next following, where they grow, Horfe Time, and To-ley-mountain. 2. Acinos Anglica Clufij, (which is thought to be, by Clusius, the true Actnos of Dioscorides-, ) Clinopodium Ocimi facie alterum of Bau-hinus 5 our English Wild Basil the lesser. 3. Acinos odorat'tffim urn,- Latifolia Column*, Broad Leav'd sweet Scented Wild Basil.
Πι. The Descriptions. TJje first has a Woody Fibrous Root, full of hairy Threads, creeping along the Ground, and fpnnging up Yearly of it self widvut Sowing ·, from whence rises up severalfquare Stalks, about six or eight Inches high, with two small Leaves set at every Joint, being somewhat like Wild Marjoram, or the fine bufi Basil, a little dented about the edges, but not much, and some Leaves not at all dented-, and in some Plants and Places a little rough and hairy, and in others, less, er not at all: the Flowers grow at fpaces with the Leaves, like a* HoreJwund does,ftanding in green rough Cups, which are of a purplish Colour, and parted, as it were, into four equal ficrt pieces at the end, like to the four square foot of a Bed-ftead, and open with several Leaves like other hcoded Flowers ; the Cups of the * Flowers have not every cue of them a single Foot' stalk, but many stand together upon the same Pedicle or Stem ·, after which comes small round reddish Seed growing three or four together in small fwcllert Husks. The whole Plant, ha* some Jmall heat, but more dryness in the Taste thereof, ana sweet or odoriferous in Smell between Basil and Caiamint.
IV. The second Kind has also a Bufiyx Fibrous Root, which perishes every lear, frcm whence rises up several fiender four square Branches or Stalks, Jeven or eight Inches high, lying on the Ground, cn