This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
at the first approach of Winter, and therefore is to be sown a new every Tear if you will have it -, from whence rises up uftally but one upright Stalk nearly a foot high, variously branching forth it self on all sides, whereon, at every Joint, are set two heaves, broad, thick, and fat, a little pointed, of a pleasant sweet smell, of a fresh green Colour, and a little fnipt about the edges-, of which some one here and there, are of a black reddish hue: towards the upper part of the Stalk and Branches come forth a number of small whitish Flowers, which many times tend to a dark purple, with two small Leaves at the Joint, in some places green, in others brown-, after the Flowers come small black Seed.
IV. The Small Buih Basil, has a Fibrous perishing Root much like the former , from whence rises up small tender Stalks, which grow not so high as the former, but is thicker ffread with Branches, and smaller Leaves thereon, and set clofer together; these Leaves are little, less than those of Pennyroyal, and the whole Flant is low, and fine or small,growing into a kind of diminutiveBvdh, whence the Name oj Buih Basil ·, and is of a more pleafing sweet fent than the former by much: the flowers are small and white, and the Seed black like the other,- when it yields Seed with us, which is more feldom, it not often yielding ripe Seed here, because it neither Springs, Flowers, nor Seeds so early as the others. Parkmlbn adds another middle Kind something larger than this boih in the height of the Buih, and magnitude of the Leaves, but not otherwise differing -, which to me seems to be one and the same Herb, but differing according t a the goodness af the Soil,
V. The Anifated Basil, Is truely of the self same Kind with our ordinary Garden Basil but of a middle jize between /fo Common Great and Buih Basil, and differs nothing in its Roots, Stalks, Leaves, Flowers, nor Seed, but a little in the magnitude, and something in the smell, which is like the smell of Aniseeds.
\ L The Places. Whence these Herbs first came, is unsown to us, but in Italy, Prance, Spain and tingland, they are only ncmrilhed up in Gardens.
VII. The Times. They Flower in the heat of Summer as in June and July, by little and litde, whereby they are long a Flowering, beginning at the top first, and so Flowering as 'twere downwards.
VIII. The Qualities. They are hot and moist in the second Degree: They incide, attenuate, open, discusses, resolve, concocF, digest, and are carminative and anodyn ·, being Cephalick, Neurotick, Stomatick, PecForal, Cardiack, Nephritick, and Uterine: also Emmenagogick, andAlexipharmick.
IX. The Specification. Schroder lays, it is a peculiar thing to cleanse the Lungs, and provoke the Courses in Women.
X. The Proportions. The Shops make use of, i. The Leaves. 2. The Seed. 3. And Distil therefrom a Water. But you may farther prepare, 4- A Juice. An Essence. 6. A Spirituous Tincture. 7. A Saline Tincture. 8. An Oily TtnSure. 9. A Decoction- in Wine. 10. A Syrup. 11. An Oil. 13. A Cataplasm.
XL The Leaves. Their smell comforts the Brain (whatever some Authors say to the contrary) and were eaten in G^«'s time (Isuppose as a Sallet,) being corecFed with Oil and Vinegar. Some Authors will have it that they dry up Milk in Womens Breasts, which in my opinion is against their proper Nature, being hot and moift, and therefore more apt to breed Milk.
XII. The Seed. Being made into a fine Pouder, it may be given from half a dram to i. dram, in Wine, against the Palpitation or Trembling of rhe Heart, to cheer and comfort the same, and expel Melancholly, or fadness of Mind: It is good also against Poyson and the Stinging of Scorpions.
XIII. The DistilledWater from the whole Plant. It is good to clear the Eye-sight, and to be used as at Vehicle for the other Preparations.
XIV. TJoe Juice. If it is put into the Eyes, it takes away their I)imneis, anddrys up Humors which fall into them -, fnuft up the Noftrills it cauieth Sneezing, and fb Purges the Brain: given to j. ounce in a Glass of Generous Canary morning and evening, it provokes Venery, or Luft, and is good for such as are troubled with Heart Qualms, or Swooning Fits, or stoppage or tbeir Terms.
XV. The Essence; It much exceeds the Juice for Inward ufes, being cotrecfed, and made more Pure or fine, as being freed from its gross and feculent parts. It has the Virtues of the Juice, befides which it is an excellent Stomatick, Cardiack, and PecFo-ral, freeing the Lungs frcm the Tartarous Matter which obstrucf s them, and causing thereby a tree refpiration, and therefore is profitable against Coughs, Colds, Asthma's, and other like Distempers of the Lungs. Dose from j. ounce to ij. ounces in Wine, or Syrup, or some other Pectoral Vehicle, morning and evening.
XVI. The Spirituous Tincture. It is Stomatick and Cardiack, resists Poifon^ and is good against the ftinging of Scorpions, or bitings of other Venomous beafts: prevails against Fainting and Swooning Fits, Sicknessat Heart, and is good for such as are troubled with Lethargies, Cams and Apoplexies, and other Cold Diseases of the Head, Brain and Nerves. Dose ij drams or more, in the DistilledWater.
XVII. The Saline Tincture. It is powerful against Diseases of the. Reins, orjening their obstructions, and removing the Tartarous and Viscous Matter which affects them. It provokes Urine, expels Sand, Gravel, Slime and Stones out of the Reins and Urinary Passages. It provokes the Terms in Women, and facilitates