This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
apiece, separated into four parts, as if the Flower consisted but of four Leaves, when as each part has two leaves, one lying close upon another, the inner being yellow, andsmaller than the lower which are red, Jo that the red edge appears round about the yellow, making it feem a yellow Flower of four Leaves with red edges, having also a few yellow Threads in the middle, set with green, the under side of the Flowers being of a yellowish red Colour, firiped with white lines. Gerard says, the Flower is but small consisting of four Leaves, whose out sides are purple, the edges of the innerfide red, the bottom yellow, the middle part of a bright red Colour, and the whole Flower somewhat hollow. The Flower being past, small long Pods or Cods appear much like to Saracens Confound, but shorter, in which is contained flattifh red seed. It is a pretty fhrubby Flant, and its smell is rather strong than pleasant.
IV. The Places. It grows on the Mountains of Liguria, and in most Meadows in Italy, about Bono-ma and Vicentia h also in Romania^ and on the Eu-ganian Hills. It grows with us in Gardens only, in moist and shadowy places, where it brings forth its Seed to perfection, tho' Dioscorides and Pliny fav, that it is without either Flower or Seed.
V. The Times. It Flowers at its first coming sorth, or first Year of its growth from June till the middle of August-. but alter it has taken fafthold, and well Rooted it self in the Earth, a Year before, it then Flowers in April and May.
VI. The Qualities. Galen affirms it to be moderately cold and moift: I judge it to be cold and moist in the first Degree: it is RepercuiTive and Difcutient, and appropriated to the Joints.
VII. The Specification. Parkinson says, it is without any fpecial property, more than to keep Womens Breasts from growing over great.
VIII. The Preparations. By reason much of the Virtues of this Plant is not known, there are not many Preparations from the same: the chief being 1. Λ Juice. 2. A Pouder of the Roots and Leslies. 3· A Cataplasm*
IX. The Juice. Whether it is taken out of the. Roots or Leaves, it is good to cool Inflamations, and is profitable to bath with in an Erysipilas.
X. The Pouder. It may be made of the Roots or Leaves, for of either the Virtue is the same, tho if made of the Root it is thought to be stronger ·, Parkinson says it is reported, that being taken inwardly for some time, it makes Women Barren: from whence pofiibly the Name might come.
XI. The Cataplasm. The Leaves made into a Pultiie, by beating them up with Oil, and applyed to Womens Breasts, keeps them from growing great 5 and is good to discusses a flight Contufion.
CHAP. XLVL Of Common BASIL.
L'Hp HE Names. It is called by the Arabians, JL Bedarog, Berenddros: in Greek, "Ωλ/^υ*) BmuMkov : in Latin , Ocimum, Basilicum t Regium : in English, Basil.
II. The Kinds. The general Kinds are^ 1. Garden. 2. Wild. The Garden Basil is, 1. The Common Great, Ocimum Vulgatius. 2. The small or Rufh Basil, Ocimum Vulgare minus. 3. Anifated Basil, Ocimum Anifatum, of which in this Chapter. 4. Basil Gentle, or Clove Basil, Ocimum Caiyophylla-tum. j. Citron Basil^ Ocimum Citratum, of which in the next Chapter. 6. Ocimum Americanum ma-culatumi Spotted American Basil. 7. Ocimum Americanum Crifpum non maculatum, Crisped American Basil not ipotted, of which two in Chap. 4 8. The Wild Basil is either Stone or Field, of which in their proper Places in Chap. 49. and 50.
III. The Descriptions. The Common Great so fil ha* a Threaddy and Fibrous Root which perishes