This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
it is chiefly found in Gardens, tho it grows well and naturally enough here as other Grains do. Gerard lays, that he had often times found many Ears of it among our ordinary Barley, when he lived in the farther side of Uncoln-shire , and they there called it Brant Barley. The second is Sown in many places of Italy and France, as in Provence ana Karbone, among their Corn, and grows well hi a moist Ground, but prospers most in a more Fruitful dry Soil: Gerard says, it grows commonly among their Barley in Italy, and other hot Countries ; but only with us in Gardens. The third and fourth, by the High-ways, and Path-fides, as also on Mud Walls, and at the Foot of other Walls, and Way sides in Fields , almost every where through the whole Kingdom.
VIII. The Times, the first is a Summer Com, and Sown in March and April, and is ripe in the beginning or middle of August. The second also is a Summer Grain, aud is ripe towards the latter end of July, or rhe beginning of August. The two last are found coming to ripeness all the Summer Months.
IX. TJye Qualities. They are all of them temperate in refpect to heat or coldness; and dry in the first Degree. The first and second Attenuate, digest and cleanse: and the two last are aperitive, ab-iterfive, and Vulnerary and are all appropriated to Diseases of the Joynts.
X. The Specification. They have a peculiar property to cleanse and dry up Ulcers, and resolve Tumors in the Joynts. The Mgilops is said to be a Specifick against the Mgilops or Fiftula in the Corner of the Eye.
XI. The Preparations. The first Kind has much the Nature and Virtues of Common Barley, and therefore may have most of those Preparations, fo that we shall say no more of them here. From the JEgilops or Eeftuca, you may have, 1. An Infusion of the Seed in Drink or Wine. 2. A Decoction in Wine 9. a Syrup of the whole Plant. 4. A Pouder of the See«lorGrain 5 A Juice, β. Ajhes of the Stalks. And from the Way Barley or Rye-Grass you have, 7. a Cataplasm. J J
XII. The Infusion in Ale, Beer, or Wine. The Seed Infufed, or Drunk in Pouder in any of these Liquors, affecFs the Head and Brain much, and causes Drunkenness.
XIII. The- Decoftion in Wine. If it is made with the Addition of dryed Damask Rofes, and drunk from ij. to iv. ounces-, as also the Mouth and Throat, Gargled therewith ·, it is good against a stinking Breath, I suppose Caused by ibme filthy Ulcer or Ulcers in those parts, for that it has,a property to heal Ulcers.
XIV. The Syruf. If the whole Herb, Roots, and Seed be Bruised, boiled in Water, if ra ined, and made into Syrup with Honey, to viij. ounces, of which if j. of Aloes Succotrina in fine Pouder be added, you have an excellent Medicine against foul Ulcers of the Noftrils, by wetting Tents therein, and putting them up the same, holding them a pretty while therein, and often repeating it.
XV. The Pouder. Mixed with-Watter in which a little Roch Alum, or Sac char um Saturni has been dissolved, and laid upon the Mgilops or Eiftula in the Comer of the Eye-, it cures itit also deanles, dry sup and heals Ulcers in other parts of the body, being lb used, or ftrewed on dry.
Χ V I. The Juice. It is mixed with Barley Meal and fb dried: and then upon occafion moiftned with Rofe Water, and apply'd Plaifter wife, it heals (as Gerard says) the Mgilops, otFiftula in the Eyes: it also softens and affwages hard Tumors, and fwellings in the Joints. Lobel says, this has been often tried to beeffecFual against the Mgilops, for that it has a drying quality-without iharpness. *
XVII. The Ajhes of the Stalks or Straw. Made into a Lixivium with Water, it is good against the Gout from a flegmatick cause, by often bathing there with, and to dissolve hard Tumors or Swellings in the Flesh, and diicufs Tumors of the Joints.
XVIII. TheCataplasm of Way Barley or RyeGrass. Being made of the Green Ears and Grass by beating it in a Morter, and then apply'd to places bald, or where the Hair is wanting; Gerard ay % it causes it to come forth and grow again.
Chap. XLV. Of Barren-Wort.
I. The Names. It is called in the Greek, X 'EapfJW: In Latin, Epimedium-, Epipetron, Epimemdium: In Englifi, Barren-wort.
II. The Kinds. It seems to be a singular Plant of the Kind, without any Species, tho Parkinson talks of an Alter um fruticofum, &c
III. The Description. // has a Root small and Reddish, fpreading much under ground, in jhaddowy rather than Sunny places-, from whence springs up several hard round Stalks, twenty or twenty four inches high, each Stalk divided for the most part into three Branches, and each of them bearing three Leaves apiece, which are several, fomwhat broad and round, yet pointed at the ends, hard or dry in feeling, and a little sharply dented about the edges, of a light green Colour on the upper side, and whiter underneath : from the middle of some of the Stalks of Leaves, fhoots forth with them, from thefirst rising up of them, a small long Foot Stalk of Flowers, not much higher than the Stalks of Leaves, divideuinto Branches, containing on each of them, three Flowers