This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
rumes into the Head, and causes Drunkenness if it is too largely taken·, and this kind of Drink, says Venus Bellomus, is dually ibid in all the Cities or Afie, in rhe Tap Houses appointed for it, and generally with them called Chaufifet. In the Levant, and other the Eafiern parts of the World Barly is yet more eaten, and made more into Bread than Wheat, 1 suppose because it is more cooling, and preventive of Fevers ·, it is also cheaper lor the poor and ordinary lort of People: it nouriihes much less than Wheat, but the Grain being Maulted, makes a more excel-ent Drink, clearer, tMnner, purer, more ftomatick and Diuretick. *
XXIII. The Bread. 7/ Is made of the Flower with a proportional quantity of Water and Salt·, to every bufhel of which flower* a four Leaven, as big as a Mans fill doubled, or a Pint of Ale Yeft, is added, being dissolved in the κ .inn Water, with which thePaJle or Dough is made: this being mixed with one part of the Flower, is covered with the other, and left in digestion for* η hour or two, that the whole may be Leavened-, then the Pa fie or Dough is made by mingling all well together, and kneading it with the hands, till it becomes a stiff Paste -, which then is fufferedto ly again about half an hour, and then made up into Loaves, lobicb are after baked in an Oven. This Bread is proper to be eaten whiieft new, agtee-ing then most with the Stomach, and nouriihing heft. Apply'd to the place where the Pain is, in a V'ehe-Head-ach, as soon as it comes out of the Oven, or as hot as the Patient can indure it, it gives present ease ·. and in a few times Application, cures it.
XXIV. The Cream. It is made of hulPd Barley. boiled in a first Water and cast away, then boiled in a second Water, till the Grain bur ft s, and is perfectly soft: which is then beaten well in a Mortar, and mixed in the Water in zchich it is boiled, and fi rained through a Cheefe*Cloth: then Melon seeds blanched are beaten to a Pulp, and mixed with Milk, and strained till all the oify and moist part of the seeds are taken sorth: This Mils, is sweetned with double Refined Sugar, and mixed with the former ftranings of the Barley; fo you have Barley Cream. Some at Eating mix with it a little Damask Rofe Water and Juice of Limons. This ordinarily taken is good against hot burning Fevers, and such as are weak, faint and feeble ,,, labouring under Heclicks, and Confumptions, for it cools preternatural heats, and reftores much. Without the Juice of Limons, it is good against iharpness of Urine, and such as make a Bloody Water.
XXV. Barley Water, 'it is made of hulVd Barley, boiled in a first Water, and that cast away, and then boiled in a second Water, half a pound of Barley to a Gallon of Water, adding also an ounce and half of burnt Hanfhorn, boiling them so long till the Barly is breaking: then the Water is strained from the other things, and made pleasant with the Juice of Limons, and double Refined Sugar. This is used as ordinary Drink for such as are in Burning or Malign Fevers, HecFick Fevers, Confumptions, or any other ways difturbed with heat-, it cools, admitably quenches Thirlt, and prevails against Diseases of the Lungs.
XXVI. The Cataplasm. i. Take Barley Flower xij. ounces, Meal of Meawort feeds iij. ounces, Honey, 0:1 of Lillies, of each ij. ounces, Water a sufficient quantity, mix and boil it to the consistence of"a Pul-tife. This apply'd warm cures Tumors under the Ears, in the Neck and Throat, and other the like places. 2. Take Barlev Meal or Flower, xvj. ounces, Pouders of Famugreek feed, Lm seed and Rue, of each nj. ounces, Flowers of Melilot and Camomile <wpt small of eachxy ounces, boile all ι η sweet Wine to a thickness. This apply'd warm, dilcuffes Infla-
mations, expels Wind out of the Bowels, and ealt$ Pains of the sides, Stomach, and Spleen. 3. Take Barly Flower xij. ounces, Pouder of romgranat peels and Myrtle Berries, of each iij. ounces, Red Wine, a sufficient quantity, mix, and boile to a Confiftency: apply'd to the Belly, it is laid to stop the Loofnef>, or other Fluxes of the Belly. 4. Take Barley Flower xvj. ounces, sharp Wine Vinegar, a sufficient quantity, mix and boile to the thickness of a Cataplasm. It is good against ScurfF, DandrifF, or Morphew in the Head or any other part, being laid on iiot, and as Authors say helps the Leproiy. 5. Take Barley Flower xvj. ounces, white Salt and Honey, of each iij. ounces, white Wine Vinegar a sufficient quantity, mix and make a Cataplasm. Apply'd it is said certainly to cure the Itch.
XXVII. The Mixture. Take Barley Water xij. ounces, Sirup of Corn Poppies iij. ounces, Tincture of the same Flowers made with Spirit of Wme ij. ounces, mix them. Dole iij ounces twice or thrice a day ·, with this I have cured several Plurifies. But Tho. Bartholinus, Germ. Ephem. An. 2. obs. 2. Pro-feffes to cure Vehement Plurifies with Barley Water alone.
XXVIII. The Julep. Take hulled Barley iij. ounces, boil it in a first Water, vohich cast away s boil it a-gain in iij. quarts more of Water, Liquorice Bruised, Strawberry Leaves, Violet Leaves, of each ij. band-fulls, boile till a quart or three pints is consumed, then strain out, and dule'ifie it with iv. ounces of Sirup of Violets: It provokes Urine, and is very good in Cholerick Fevers. 2. Take hulled Barley viij. ounces, boil it in Water, which cast away and boile it again in iij. quarts more of Waiter, adding Fennel feeds Bruised, (towards the end of the boiling) iij. ounces, boil till the Barley breaks, then strain out, and sweet en with white Sugar Candy. It breeds Milk in Nurses plentifully, cools the heat and iharpness of Urine, and helps Piifing Blood, especially if it is caused by the Application of Vesicatories, or Buffering Plaifters. It is good against Coughs, Colds , Wheezings, Hoarfhefs Asthma's, Vc.
XXIX. The Bath. Take Leaves of Mallows, Violets, Beets, Fumitory, Black Heilebor, of each nyhandfulls, Barley iv. pound, boil them in a sufficient quantity of Water for a Bath, till the Barley breaks-, the Grain is to be boiled a considerable time first,and then the Herbs to be put in towards the end of the boiling. It is a very efTecFual thing against Scurff^ Morphew, Leprofie, Scabs, Itch, and other breakings out, being often used.
XXX. The Emplaster. Take Barley Flower ij. pounds, Tar), pound. Wax half a pound, Oil Olive a sufficient quantity, mix and boil to the consistence of a Cerote, or soft Emplafter. It is said to cure hard Swellings of the Throat and other places called the ..Kings Evil. Apply'd also, it is an admirable thing to cure the Gout.
XXXI. The Distilled Water from the green Barly, and the whole Plant. It is Distilled in the end ot May, and is good to cool Inflamed Eyes, and for fiich as have Defluxions upon them, to itay the Humors, and to ease the Pain, being often dropped into them -, white Bread being also dipt therein, and apply'd upon them, does the same.
XXXII. The Grains, which are left after Brewing.* Tho they are generally used as Food or Meat for Horfes, Cows, Sheep, Hogs, and Fowls; yet they have some Physical Virtues alfo: for they are beneficial in curing Lameness in the Hands, Arms, Legs or Feet, cauied through Cold, or evil Humors, being fallen into them, as also fhrinkings of the Sinews, Cramps, and pains in the Nerves or Joynts, if a Bathing-Tub or Barrel be filled with them