This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
77ΐ· 0/· Feathered Heads, not much unlike to those of the Pafpe-flmer, with an oblong Seed, of a Sad Red Colour. And the bottoms of the Flowers are fuftain-ed, as it were, with narrow oblong hairy Leaves.
VI. 4. Cinquefoil Avens. It has a Root composed of many tough Strings, of a brownifi Colour, and fuelling somewhat like to the former Kinds, from whence rises up Leaves divided into five parts like unto Cinquefoil, dented about the edges, and having Stalks about a Foot high, having such like Leaves thereon, at the Joints tchere it branches sorth: at the topi whereof stand Fale Fellow Flowers, like tlpfe of the Common Avens, but smaller, with many Tel-lower Threads, somewhat Downy in the middle. ■ VII. $. Mountain Avens of Virginia. This is wholly like to the Purple Avens, first described in this Chapter, but it is taller and larger than that, almost in every refpecl, andfcarcely differing in any thing elfe; and it yields flat, thin, blackifiSeed in Husk.
VIII. 6. Mountain Avens, with great yellow Flowers. This has a thick, long, brow η ijh round Root, of the bigness of ones Finger, creeping under the upper crust of the Earth, not altogether so firingy as the Common, described in Chap. 41. SecF. 3. aforegoing, but having some small Fibres fioooting downwards in several places, and Smelling and Tafiing like to Cloves, or those of the first Common sort; from whence comes forth divers winged Leaves, made of many small Leaves towards the bottom, fianding on both sides of the Rib, the end Leaves being largefi and whole, not divided, but somewhat deeply dented, or cut in on the edges, of a frefier green colour likewife, softer also and gentler in handling, than those of the Common-Kind : from among which rise up slender Stalks, seldom branched, having very few Leaves thereon, at the Tops whereof stands usually one Flower apiece, and sometimes more, made for the most part like those of the Common sort, consisting of five or six Leaves, much larger than thofe, and of a deeper Tellom Colour, and sometimes with a White Flower, as Camerarius in horto says, tending to redness, having many Tellozo Threads in the middle, compaffing a Green Head, which when the Flower is past, increases to be a round Head, befet with flat Seeds, not so rough, or ready to stick to ones Cloths, but everyone of them having a long Feather-like Hair or Tljread at the end. The whole Plant, as well Leaves as blowers and Seed, are covered with a small soft hairy Down, which, is not much, or eafte to be difcerned, unlefs one takes good notice thereof, or heeds it very well.
IX. The Places. The first of these are found, by Water Sides in Wet or Marfi Grounds on the Mountains in Northern Mountainous Places in England, as about Settle and Ingleton, &c. also in Wales, about Snowden Hill, &c. and in divers other places. The second has been found near Strickland magnum in Weftmorland. "The third is found in ie-veral of the Alpine Mountains >, and in Ireland, on the Mountains between Gort and Galloway. The fourth was found by Pena on the Rhetuin Alps near CJatena, who at first took it to be a kind of Cinquefoil, but by the Smell and Taste, found it to be Avens : it has been found in the Den of hethaick in Scotland. The fifth grows in Virginia, Carolina, and other parts of Florida, and is only nouriihed up with us in Gardens. The sixth is found upon covers Mountains, as on Coronos in Bohemia, by the Springs ot the River Albis, as Matthiolus says' and upon Mount Baldus, as PcnaPays, and in inany other places.Baubinus found it in Mount Brau-rvT hr ?e/jf5 C/u^s on the Ridges of Graf^f AA f' Where> but
St iSt:but Wlthus 11 15 chiefl*
• X. The Times. They Flower from the beginning of May, to the end of July, and their Seed is ripe in Augufl, or not long after.
XI. The Qualities. These are all generally of a Nature, and have the iame Qualities and Virtues. They are hot and dry in the second Degree : They incide, attenuate, open, cleanse, discusse, resolve, expel Wind are Aimngent, Vulnerary, and resist Poi-fon : and are appropriated to the Head, Nerves, Heart, Stomach, Liver, Spleen, Womb, and Joinrs,
XII. The Specification. They have a peculiar property in curing Wounds and Ulcers, opening all iorrs of Obstructions, drying up Catarrhs, and (topping prerernatural Fluxes of the Bowels.
ΧιΠ. The Preparations. The Shops keep nothing of them ; but yon may have from their Roots, ( which are chiefly in use ) i.A Pouder of the Root, 2. A Decoction* 3. A Wine. 4. A Juice. 5. Δη Essence. 6. A Spirituous Tincture. 7. A Saline Tincture. 8. An Oily Tincture. 9. An Ointment. 10. A Balsam. 11. A Cataplasm. 12. A mixture for callous Ulcers.
XIV. TbeWirtues of all these Mountain Avens, are the lame with those of the Common Avensx and are applied to all the lame Diseases, and differ in nothing but the degree of their ftrength, force, or efficacy ; for that these Wild or Mountain Avens, are much stronger than the Common Kinds, and operate more powerfully, lpeedily and effectually than they can pofljbly do : and therefore, the Virtues and Uses of the several Preparations aforenamed, are the same with those of the "Common A-vens before declared in Chap. 41, Seel. 10. to Se& 21. to which you are referred.
Chap. XLIII. Of Common Barley.
ι. '"τ"ν Η ε Names. It is called in Hebrew rnjyc?, JL Segnorah, Job 31. 4. mi Joel 1. ii.&c. In Arabick, Xahaer, Shair : In Greek, KeiW : in Latin, Hordeum: and in Englifi, Barley.
II. The Kinds. It is either Manured or Wild, of which latter in the next Chapter. The Manured is, Hordeum Difiichum, Common Barley. 2. Hordeum Diftichum latius, Bear 01 Battledore Barley. 3. Hordeum Pdyclichon, Square Barley, or Winter Barley. 4. r^roxeiSflr, Galeni, Zu*v&r9 Hordeum nudum, Zeooyrum, Tritico Spelt um, Naked Barley.
III. The Descriptions. The first has a Graffy Root, with many small Fibres or Strings, from whence rises up several Graffy Leaves and Stalks, sometimes more, sometimes less ·, which are shorter and softer than those of Wheat, and the Graffy heaves are also shorter, broader and rougher, and the Stalks rise up to be 12,14,16, or 18 lnjches high, according to the goodness of the Ground: at the Tops whereof comes forth Ears, having two rows of Grzr, fet in good order, each inclofed in a Husk, flicking close to the Grain, and having a long rough Aune or Beard thereat, which is many times greater and longer than Wheat, and whiter also, not very easily falling out of the Ear. Cordus/jyx, that this kind makes a re-compeneefor the smallness of the Ear, by the number of the Stalks eaci? Qrain or Root produces 5 for,