This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
ifh Afh-colour when they are ripe, wherein is contained a hard Black Seed.
IV. The second Wild Kinder Prickly Rock Afparagus, which some call Thorny Afparagus, hoe very thick and fiort Roots, with many thick firings, all meeting together at the head of the Root, from whence rises up several branched green Stalks, having three or four sharp green Thorns ( more like indeed to Thorns than Leaves, they are so hard, small, long, and sharp pointed ) set together all along the Stalks and Branches ·, from zvhich come forth small, mojfy, yellowish green Flowers ; and after tjjem flore of Berries, greater than in the former, and of a blackish green colour, when they are ripe, full of a green-tfh Fulp wherein usually lies but one black hard Seed, or at most two, having a White Kernel within it.
V. The Places. The first Kind grows in Stony and Rocky places, as, near to Salamanca in Spain, also under Hedges, and in the very Fields in Cafiile and Granada -, about Narbone and Montpelier in France ·, as also in Greet or Candy. The fccond grows in stony and ragged or rocky places, as also by hedge sides, not only in Spain, but also in Portugal and Creet. But with us, both the Kinds are only found nurst up in Gardens of the Curious.
VI. The Times. They fend forth their tender Shoots early in the Spring, and Flower in June and July, having ripe fruit in September : But with us in England, it scarcely comes to perfection, unlefs the Seafon is very warm, and they grow in a warm place, which may defend them from cold Blafts and nipping Winds.
VII. The Qualities. They are Temperate as to the first Qualities, but rather more drying than any of the former. They incide, attenuate, and open powerfully, and are strong Diureticks and Lithon-tnpticks : and peculiarly appropriated to the Liver, Spleen, Reins, and Womb.
VIIL The Specification, I have been informed by
fome intelligent English Men, who have lived in Spain for some Years, that the People of the place efteem them as one of the most peculiar Remedies against the Stone and Gravel, and much Superiour to the Garden or Marfh Kinds.
IX. The Preparations. You may make from the Root, 1. A Decoction. 2. A Juice. 3. An Essence. 4. A Saline Tincture. 5. A Distilled Water: and from the Seeds or Berries, 6. A Pouder.
X. The Virtues are the same with the Garden and Marfi Kinds : and therefore the Defignation and Ules of each Preparation the same, to which you are referred h fave, that these Wild Kinds are eftemeed to be double in Force and Goodness.
Chap. XLI. Of Common Avens.
I. 'TVHE Names. This Herb, for all that we can X learn, was unknown to the Greeks, and therefore we can furniih you with no Greek name for it : but it is called in Latin, Caryopbyllata,2xA GaryopJjyllata, ( from the smell of its Root) also Herba Benedicla, Sanamunda and Tragus would have it called Nardus agrefiis, ( not only for the sweet scent of its Roots, but for its excellent Vir-rues) and is supposed to be the Geum Plinij, in Hift. lib. 26. Seel. 21. It is called in "Englifi, Avens, and Herb Bennet.
II. The Kinds. The General Kinds are two. i.Ca-ryophyllata vulgatior, the common Avens. 2. Caryo-phyllata Montana, the Mountain Avens ·, of which in the next Chapter. The Common Avens is twofold, 1. Th3Lt,Floreminore, with the smaller Flower, (which is the more Common:) 2, That, Flore ma-