This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
at least : This has been found effeaual against Fits of the Mother, Cholick, and Pains of the Back and Reins, and generally 'tis good against Cramps, Convulsions, Sciatica's and other vehement Pains of the lower Parts of the Body.
Chap. XXXIX. Of Sea or Marsh Asparagus.
ι. 'T* HE "Names. It is called in Greek, 'A<rm?jry& JL ιλ«Λ?: in Latin, by Anguillara and Taber-montanus, Afparagus Pa/uftris: and Afparagus ma-rinus, by Clusius and Camerarius : by Baubinus, Pe-na, and Lobel, Afparagus maritimus: in Englifi, Sea, or Mar lb Afparagus.
II. the Kinds. This is the first sort of the Wild Kinds which some would have us to believe will, by Tranfplantation, and Manuring in Gardens, become the Garden Kind ·, at least as good as the Garden Kind.
III. The Description. T/;/'j Wilder Sea, ^Marfh kind of Afparagus has a Root with many Strings and Fibres difperfed from a fpongy Head like the former, from whence rises up many, but short er Stalks than the Garden Kinds, strongsr also and thicker, branching forth in the same manner, and hiving such like winged Leaves, but shorter, thicker, harder, and of a blewish, green Colour. The Flowers are like the ether, and so are the Berries or Seed which follow, but greater than they, and not of so fresh a red colour.
IV. 77.** Places. It is found to gtow in the Marines of Tidnam, near Chepftow, and in Appleton Meadow, in Gloucefierfi'ire, about two Miles from Briftol, where the Poor People do gather the young Shoots or Heads, and fell them in the Market at Briftol, much cheaper than our Garden Kind is fold in London. Mr Ray says he has found it also at the Lizzard Point h and it is said to be found about
Harwich in Effex, and divers other Marih Grounds and Places, as in a Meadow belonging to a Mill near TJjorp in Effex ·, and at Singleton not far from Corbie: also in the Meadows near Moulton in Lin-col njhi re : At a place called Badmor-lading, not far from Harwich, and at Moufttouin Holland, which is also a part of Lincolnfinre.
V. The Times. The Tender Shoots spring up in March and April, at what times they are gathered and Eaten they Flower in June and July, and the Berries are ripe in September.
VI. the Qualities. It is, as to its first Qualities, temperate: Mr. Relays, that the Roots are Diuretick, and Lithontriptick, and are one of the five opening Roots: They aie appropriated to the Liver, Spleen, Reins, Womb and Joints.
VII. Tfre Specification. The Roots are peculiar against the Yellow Jaundice, Stone or Gravel in the Reins and Bladder, as also the Sciatica and Gout.
VIII. The Preparations. You may have therefrom, ι. The tender Sprouts or Heads. 2. A Decoction of the Roots in Wine. 3. A Juice from the same. 4. An Essence of the Roots. 5. A Syrup oj thejamc. 6. A Saline Tinliure.
IX. The Virtues of the Roots and Seed, and even of the whole Plant, are the lame in all refpecls wirh those of the Manured or Garden so that we need not here be particular in explicating the Virtues and Uses of the afore enumerated Preparations, but wholly refer you to that which has already been laid in the lait Chapter.
Chap. XL. Of Wild Asparagus.
I. 'τΛ HE Names. It is called mGreek, 'Arm^o©-J- a^f/©-, Mfa'/jLf8*t, eLffm^yQ- mrfeu©-: in Latin, Afparagus Sylvestris : in Englifi), Wild Afparagus, or Stone Afparagus.
II. The Kinds. There are'two principal Kinds, i. Myacanthinus Galeni, Afparagus Sylvestris folits acutis : Gefner, Dodonoeus, Camerarius, and others, call it simply Afparagus Sylvestris : Cordus, Lobel, Lugdunenfis, and others, Corruda: Baubinus and Parkinson, Afparagus foliis acutis h and is thought to be the Afparagus Petrous of Galen and Dioscorides. 2. Afparagus Petrous, or Corrudi aculeata, Prickly Rock Afparagus : this is called by Clusius, Corruda altera : by Dodoneus, Afparagus Sylvestris. (fo that he makes little difference between this and the former, tho' indeed there is much:) and by Bauhinus, Afparagus ac ule at us alter, tribus aut quatuor fpinis ad eundem exortum.
III. The Descriptions. The first, Wild Afparagus with sharp Leaves, has a Head oj Roots, having many Strings and Fibres depending from it, thicker and shorter than any of the other Kinds from whence rises up three or Jour Stalks, which are fijor-ter,flronger, and tougher than the others, diver'fty fpread and branched into many Wings, on which are set at several difiances, many small, short, hard, and sharp pointed Leaves, five or six fianding at a joint together: At these joints likewife, with the Leaves, come forth the Flowers, many, set upon a long Stalk, which are Tellow, and consisting of six Leaves apiece, smelling as sweet as a March Violet ·, after which come small Berries^ green at the first and of a blackish