This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
and exceeding bard, which is the cause it lies so long in the Ground after Jowing, before it Springs up.
IV. The other or Greater Kind differs nothing from the former, but in the Colour of the Shoots, their Magnitude, andTafte, they being much whiter, vaft-ly larger, and much more sweet and pleasant. It is almost beyond belief the relation of the ν aft Magni tude to which this Great Kind will grow / This present Tear 1696. a present was made to a Lady of one single hunch containing but one hundred op Sprouts or Heads, ivbich weighed (as was reported to me) above sorty Founds weight: and the la It Tear Ich/ap-ned a Bunch or hundred, of the same Kind in Newgate-Market, which they would not Sell me under eight Shillings, and warranted to weigh above twenty Pounds Weight. So that it is manifcft that the larger sort is either another Kind, or elfe, the former sort vaftly improved by Art and Induftry.
V. The Places. They grow with us only in Gardens, where they are nouriihed up for the daily Service of the House, being an Excellent Boiled Sallet.
VI. The Times. The bare tender Shoots, which are Sold in Markets in Eunches or Hundreds, come up commonly in the Spring, and may be had all March, April, and May, and sometimes in June-, but the Gardner has arrived now to such a dexterity in his Art, that if the Winter or Seafon is Warm, you may have them all January and February, as was manifest this present Year, when I could have had what quantity I pleased on New-Years Day. They spring up after that, to a kind of diminutive Buih, and Flower in June and July, and bear their ripe /terries in September, or late in the Year.
VII. The Qualities. They feem to be Temperate in reipect to heat or coldneis, dryness or Moisture. They incide, attenuate, open, cleanse, and are very Diuretick : and feem to be chiefly Cephalick, Hysterick and Nephritick ·, and, if Authors say true, Spermatogenetick withal.
VIIL The Specification* They are peculiar against
the Strangury, or stoppage of Urine, and difficulty of making Water, to provoke Urine, and to expel Sand, Gravel, and small Stones out of the Reins which even the fignature of the hardness of the Seed^ seems also to intimate.
IX. The Preparations. You may have therefrom, 1. The Roots. 2. The Seed. 3. The Distilled Walter of the whole Plant, Distilled in September, when irs Berries are Red ·, which things the Shops are said to keep : But besides them, we have, 4. The tender Shoots or Heads. $. The Decoction. 6. The Juice. 7. The Essence. 8. The Saline Tincture. 9. AGargarism. ic. A Bath.
X. The Roots. Being reduced into Pouder, and given from j. dram to ij. drams in White Wine, or the Distilled Water of the Plant, it provokes Urin, and opens the stoppages of the Urinary parts.
XI. The Seed. It is held to be very effectual for the purposes aforelaid, j. dram of it being given in White Wine; so also, if it is mixed in equal quantities with the Pouder of the Root, and given in like manner from j. to ij. drams.
XII. The Difiilled Water. It is drawn from the whole Plant, and is to be rectified ( as Schroder directs ) by putting it upon more frelh Herbs. It provokes Urine, and gives ease in the Stone, beings drunk daily three times a day, from iv. to viij. ounces : It is used also as a Vehicle for other things.
XIII. The tender Shoots or Heads. They, are Boiled, and Eaten as a Sallet, with Butter} Vinegar and Pepper, being very Nutritive; and tho1 cleanfing, as to the Reins, Bladder, and Urinary Passages, yet they comfort the Stomach, are eaiie of Digestion, and rest ore in Confumptions. ·
XIV. The Decoction of the Roots in Wine. It opens Obstructions of the Bowels, provokes Urine, being ftopped, and expels that Tartarous Matter in the Reins, Ureters and Bladder, which causes the Strangury. Dose from iv. to viij. ounces.
XV. The Juice of the Roots and young Sprouts. It prevails against the Strangury, or difficulty in making Water, when it is done by Drops it expels Gravel and the Stone out of the Reins and Bladder, and helps vehement pains in the Back. Dose iij. or iv. ounces in Wine, twice a day.
XVL The Essence made of the Juice, or bruised Plant, ifchas all the Virtues of the Juice beforego-ing; besides which, it is good against the Obstructions of the Lungs, Pains of the Stomach and Bowels, Falling-sickness, Fits of the Mother, Yellow Jaundice, and dimness of fight: and taken every Morning and Evening, from ij. to iv. ounces in a Glass of Generous Wine, it is said to stir up Bodily Luft, Generate Seed, and remove Impotency.
XVII. The Saline Tincture. It has all the Virtues gf the Decoction, Juice, and Essence but more powerful in provoking Urine, and expelling Sand, Gravel, Stones and Slimy Tartarous Matter: besides it particularly Stimulates the Generative Faculty by its penetrating and fubtil Quality, and effectually cures the Yellow Jaundice. Dose from j. to ij. drams in Wine.
XVIII. TheGargarism. The Roots bruised and boiled in White Wine Vinegar, being gargled in the Mouth warm, gives ease in the Tooth-ach: and the Root it self is said to be profitable to be applied to an Aneuiifm.
XIX. The Bath. It is made of a good quantity of the Roots and Seeds Bruised, and boiled in a great ftore of Water, which is to be put into a large VeftU in which a Man may fit up to the Breasts