This is a page to be proofread from Salmon's Botanologia, 1710.
Seed infomwhat long and square poinfed husks or Cods, which Seed is very small and blackish.
VIII. The Specification. There has been nothing in a constant Observation, to which they can be laid to be peculiar ·, Authors having as to their Virtues been blent.
IX. The Preparations. You may make from the Roots, ι. A Decoction. 2. A Juice. 3. An Essence. 4. A Syrup. 5. An Ointment. 6. A Balsam. 7. A Cataplasm. 8. A Saline Tincture.
X. Altho' Authors have said nothing of the Vermes of these Plants; yet, by their Taites, and other Signatures, they ieem to have the Virtues of the Gaalcn
A,thopoffibly not lb Potent and Efficacious: I jhave made several tryalls of them, and have found the Decoction to open obstruclions of the Lungs and provoke Urine. With the Juice given to ij. ounces for some days in White Wine, I once provoked the Courses in a Woman where they were oMhucFed: and with the Syrup and Essence, I have cured some that have had extream Colds. The Balsam I know to be a good Vulnerary, and the Ointment is very difcuifive and retentive, and good against the Gout. The Saline TintfuW provokes Urine, and clears the Reins and Urinary PafTages of Sand, Gravel, Slime and Tartarous Matter, given to ij. drams in White Wine: the other Preparations I have not much used but this laft, (as it is the eafieft made) I have oftentimes proved, and that with good Succis.
IV. The lefTer Kind,.has a Root which consists of of a few whitijh long Fibres, not creeping far, or much, but increafing into sundry Heads, from whence spring forth many smooth green heaves, narrower, shorter, and fresher than the former, ( Gerard says, two Inches ana a half or three Inches long, somewhat broad at the bottom and sharper towards their ends) not much unlike to a narrow Flower de luce, but neither so hard nor so thick-, from among which Leaves rises up a Stalk, which scarcely attains to be a Foot high, having very few small Leaves thereon, (Gerard says it is smooth and without any Leaves thereon-,) towards the top whereof, in a spiked Head comes sorthsmall Flowers, of a paler yellow than the former, and of a pretty Star like fashion, which being gon, there fucceeds small three square reddish Husks, or longifh little Cods, which, Gerard says, are sometimes four or five Square, and in which is contained small reddifi) brown Seed.
V. The Places. They are both found Wild in England, as well as in other places beyond Sea, in Marih and Wet Grodhds: the first near Lancafhr, in the Moorifh Grounds there, as also near unto Mandfley, and Marten, two Villages not far from thence -, as also at the Foot of Bagfiot Hill in the Weft of England, near to a Village of the-fame Name. The second grows near Egham, not far from the River side there, and in many other places, in the Weft of England. ^
VI. The Times. They Flower in May, June, and July,^and the Seed is ripe, about a Month after the Flowers are gon: most of their Leaves remain green in the Winter Time, if it is not extream cold and hard weather.
VI1; Qualities. They are hot and dry in the second Degree5 Inciding, Attenuating, Aperitive, Ablterfiveand Diuretick: Dedicated to the Lungs, Reins, Womb, and Joynts.
Chap. XXXVIII. Of Garden Asparagus.
I. *~T*He Karnes. It is called in Arabick, Halion,
X if Helion: In Greek, 'ArW&yer, ofpv/er, 'c*7x»T?Of^,from provoking Luft: In Latin, AJ par ague & Corurda: In Englifi, Afparagus, Sparagus, and Sperage.
II. The Kinds. There are several Species of lifts Plant,- 1. The Garden Kind. 2. The Wild Kinds, of which there is, 1. The Sea or Marfi. 2. The Rock Kind. 3. The Prickly: of which three laft, in the two following Chapters. The Garden Kind is also τ. Afparagus Sativus vel hortenfis vuigatior, feu Minor, The Common Garden Afparagus, or LefTtr Kind. 2. Afparagus Sativus, vel hortenfis Major, The Greater Garden Kind.
III. The Descriptions. Tf?e first or Smaller Kind, has very many Roots, difpe;fed from a Soongie head, which are long.} thick, soft and fpongie firings, hanging down, and fpreading themselvesallabout, whereby it greatly encreases: from this Root there rises out of the Ground, divers whit iff, green , Jcaly Sprouts, thick, tender, very soft and Brittle, of the thickness of the greatest Swans Qitill, or Jbmewbat thicker, in Tafie not much unlike to Green Beans or Ρ ease, having at top a certain scaly soft Bud, which in time does rise up into very long and slender round green Stalks, bigger or lesser as the Roots are in Growth, and growing to be three or four Feet high or more (as the Ground is in goodness) which Stalks fend forth divers smaller Branches, whereon are set many little green Leaves, like Fennel, but shorter and smaller, and growing up to the top, much finer than the Leaves of Dill- among which,, at the Joynts thereof, come sorth, small Moffie, yellowifi) Flowers. Which yield a Fruit or Berries, green at first, afterwards red as Coral, of the bigness of a White Pea 1 wherein ή contained gross blackish Seed,