Sapindus.—Various tropical plants belonging to this genus of the Sapindaceae contain saponin, and are largely used for cleaning purposes. The berries are commonly used, being called "Soap berries" Thus, in India are employed the pulp of the fruit of Sapindus Mukorossi Gaertn., the capsules of S. trifoliatus L., and in South America the oil and seed vessels of S. Saponaria L. (P. J., 1871. 585.) For the properties of saponin, see Saponaria officinalis, below. The fruits of S. rarak DC., according to O. May, contain saponin and a fixed oil. (A. Pharm., 1906, 25.)
The Dispensatory of the United States of America, 1918, was edited by Joseph P. Remington, Horatio C. Wood and others.