Mitchella. Mitchella repens L. Squaw Vine. Partridge Berry. Checkerberry. Winter Clover. (Fam. Rubiaceae.)—This small, indigenous evergreen has been supposed to possess remedial properties, and is said to be employed, in decoction, by the Indian squaws, to facilitate parturition. It appears to be diuretic, tonic, and astringent, resembling in these respects the pipsissewa, for which it is often substituted. E. Breneiser (A. J. P., 1887, 228) found it to contain some resin, wax, mucilage, dextrin, and what appeared to be saponin.
The Dispensatory of the United States of America, 1918, was edited by Joseph P. Remington, Horatio C. Wood and others.