This agent has been employed in medicine for a long time—the bark in decoction as an astringent, the foliage in hot infusion as a diuretic and diaphoretic, and the oil as a stimulant local application. It undoubtedly possesses valuable properties. The following properties and uses are suggested to those who live where it may readily be obtained:
1st. A tincture of the recent inner bark in diluted alcohol; use in general asthenia with pallid mucous membranes, and feeble digestion : also, in diseases of the respiratory mucous membranes.
2nd. A tincture of the foliage in dilute alcohol; use in irritation of the urinary organs, and in disease of the skin.
Specific Medication and Specific Medicines, 1870, was written by John M. Scudder, M.D.