387. ANETHUM.—DILL FRUIT OR DILL SEED. The fruit of Ane'thum graveo'lens Linné, an herb of Levant and Southern Europe. Oval-oblong, usually separated into the two thin mericarps; these have a smooth brown surface, with five ribs, the two lateral ones expanded into a lighter colored, membranous wing surrounding the fruit; oil-tubes six, two on the concave inner face and one in each interval between the ribs; odor and taste caraway-like, depending upon the volatile oil, the heavy portion of which is doubtless carvol. Stimulant, carminative, and stomachic. Dose: 8 to 30 gr. (0.5 to 2 Gm.).
387a. OLEUM ANETHI.—Pale yellow, with the characteristic odor of the fruit, and a pungent, sweetish, acrid taste. It is official in the British Pharmacopoeia, where it is sometimes used to prepare dill-water.
A Manual of Organic Materia Medica and Pharmacognosy, 1917, was written by Lucius E. Sayre, B.S. Ph. M.