Source and Composition. The leaves and seeds of Datura Stramonium, a bushy, indigenous herb, also of the order Solanaceae. It contains an alkaloid, Daturine, probably identical with Atropine, also Malic Acid, etc.
- Extractum Stramonii Seminis,—Dose, gr. 1/6-1/2.
- Extractum Stramonii Seminis Fluidum,—Dose, ♏j-v.
- Tinctura Stramonii Seminis,—15 per cent. Dose, ♏v-xxx.
- Unguentum Stramonii,—has of the extract 10 per cent.
Physiological Action is similar to that of Belladonna in almost every particular; but Stramonium is more powerful, and acts chiefly on the sympathetic system, not affecting the motor or sensory nerves. It excites a greater degree of cardiac irregularity, and a more furious delirium ; and seems to have a special affinity for the generative apparatus.
Therapeutics. Stramonium is chiefly used to relieve pain. In—
- Dysmenorrhoea and Neuralgia,—combined with Opium and Hyoscyamus.
- Spasmodic Affections, as asthma, laryngeal cough, hepatic colic, etc.
- Asthma,—the leaves are smoked to advantage at the commencement of a paroxysm, the smoke being drawn into the lungs.
- Mania of furious character, especially the puerperal form, with suicidal tendency,—Stramonium is highly serviceable, in 10-20 ♏ doses of the tincture every three or four hours, until relief is obtained.
- Nymphomania, with great mental depression,—it is very useful.
- Chorea and Stammering,—Stramonium is a good remedy.
- Ulcers of irritable character,—the Ointment is much used as an anodyne.
- Tic Douloureux and Sciatica,—it is often efficient.
A Compend of Materia Medica, Therapeutics, and Prescription Writing, 1902, by Sam'l O. L. Potter, M.D., M.R.C.P.L.