Pilulae Opii (U. S. P.)—Pills of Opium.
Related entry: Opium (U. S. P.)—Opium
Preparation.—"Powdered opium, six and one-half grammes (6.5 Gm.) [100 grs.]; soap, in fine powder, two grammes (2 Gm.) [31 grs.]; water, a sufficient quantity to make 100 pills. Beat the powders together with water, so as to form a mass, and divide it into 100 pills"—(U. S. P.).
Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage.—(Same as Opium.) Old pills of opium are better than fresh pills or liquid preparations of the same when a local action and prolonged contact of the drug is desired in painful gastric and other visceral disorders. By their slow solution they are effectual in gastric ulcers, gastralgia, etc. Dose, 1 pill, which contains 1 grain of opium.
Pilulae Opii et Plumbi (N. F.)—Pills of Opium and Lead.
Preparation.—"Powdered opium, six and one-half grammes (6.5 Gm.) [100 grs.]; lead acetate, six and one-half grammes (6.5 Gm.) [100 grs.]; to make 100 pills. Each pill contains 1 grain of opium and 1 grain of lead acetate" (see Pilulae, N. F.). Adapted from Nat. Form.
Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage.—This agent is used chiefly by members of the old school as an astringent and anodyne in bowel and bronchial disorders. Dose, 3 to 5 grains.
King's American Dispensatory, 1898, was written by Harvey Wickes Felter, M.D., and John Uri Lloyd, Phr. M., Ph. D.