Related entry: Amylum (U. S. P.)—Starch
Preparation.—To 120 grains of starch gradually add 10 fluid ounces (Imp.) of distilled water, with constant trituration. Boil for a few moments, with continual stirring. This accords with the British Pharmacopoeia, 1885. It should be prepared only when needed. This mucilage is of proper consistence for an enema, being opaline and gelatinous.
Action and Medical Uses.—This is employed for its demulcent effects in rectal and other intestinal inflammations that can be reached by an enema. It is chiefly employed as a vehicle for anodyne applications (as laudanum) in dysentery, and for this purpose but small quantities, 2 or 3 fluid ounces, should be employed so that the patient may be able to retain the medicament until its effects are produced.
King's American Dispensatory, 1898, was written by Harvey Wickes Felter, M.D., and John Uri Lloyd, Phr. M., Ph. D.