|ACTION AND INDICATIONS||PODOPHYLLUM||LEPTANDRA||IRIS||CHIONANTHUS||CHELIDONIUM|
|ACTION ON THE LIVER||Active hepatic stimulant, inducing some irritation; causes free flow of bile. Stimulates the portal circulation, influences the entire glandular system. Indicated for enlargement with inactivity; tenderness on pressure, sharp, quick cutting pain under the scapula.||Tonic; mild but positive stimulant, increases liver secretions without irritation; valuable in chronic malarial disorders, which induce hepatic inactivity; valuable in acute and chronic hepatitis with atonicity. Relieves hepatic congestion.||Mild efficient stimulant in general functional inactivity; valuable in chronic disease where dropsy results from liver disorder; valuable in jaundice from chronic hepatic hyperemia. Valuable in skin disorder depending on hepatic inactivity.||Direct stimulant in hepatic congestion with hypertrophy, especially when the portal circulation is engorged; liquefies the bile; prevents formation of calculi. Indicated by fullness, weight and dull steady pain in the liver; especially indicated by severe acute pain from obstruction of the gall ducts.||Acts mildly upon the liver, especially when the spleen is involved; overcomes biliary catarrh and jaundice from obstruction, indicated by throbbing tensive pain in the right side, which extends backward beneath the right scapula; reduces cough which depends upon hepatic irritation.|
|ON STOMACH||Produces vomiting in overdoses; is a gastric irritant; stimulates glandular action in atonicity; valuable for this influence, in small doses.||Mild stomach tonic; restores appetite; improves digestion; corrects persistent nausea when due to atonicity.||Induces no irritation, rather soothes irritation; controls mild vomiting and regurgitation, especially if of acid fluids; inhibits secretion of acids; beneficial in hyperchlorhydria, and in the consequent sick headache.||In overdoses, induces nausea and vomiting, sometimes violent; in proper doses, a mild, soothing stomach tonic.||A mild general stomach tonic, improving digestion. No specific action on the stomach.|
|ON INTESTINAL TRACT||Emeto-cathartic; induces griping and pain; in small doses improves intestinal glandular action; indicated in chronic constipation, with hard clay colored, dry stools. Bowels loaded and bloated; deficient peristalsis; impaction; atonicity with mild intestinal colic; abdominal plethora.||Induces mild cathartic action without debility; a sure tonic to intestinal glandular action, improving the function of all intestinal glands; acts freely upon the small intestine; in proper doses produces no irritation.||Increases intestinal glandular action; soothes intestinal irritation; relieves colic in the region of the umbilicus; relieves hyper-peristalsis; valuable in duodenal catarrh, with constipation and clay colored stools. Is indicated in splenic enlargement.||Produces but little if any intestinal irritation, influences the normal functional action of the mucous glands of the intestinal tract. Indicated in constipation with hard stools; some colic, or when the feces are grayish or clay colored, and will float upon water; in choleraic diarrhea with green discharges, and in jaundice.||Indicated in intestinal disorders with marked atonicity, where there is a tendency to passive venous engorgement. Beneficial in mild constipation, with chronic glandular inactivity, especially if there be edema of the ankles.|
|TONGUE INDICATIONS||Tongue heavily coated, uniformly yellowish, or yellow center, a thick dirty coat, especially at the base; tongue pale and flabby.||Tongue pale, coated uniformly white, or grayish-white and moist; bitter taste in the mouth.||Is indicated when the tongue is narrow, pointed, somewhat red, with thin edges, especially if coated in the center with a yellowish coat; increases salivary secretion.||Tongue flabby, broad, coated white or yellowish, edges indented.||Tongue flabby, full and broad, pale, irregularly coated, mucous membrane pale, free mucous secretion.|
|BRAIN INDICATIONS||Dull headache; vertigo; uncertain gait; vision faults; patient dull, sluggish, listless, inactive.||Frontal headache from disordered stomach; general dull headache with confusion of ideas; mental depression; gloominess; foreboding; lassitude; some restlessness; and sleeplessness.||Exceedingly valuable in sick headache from gastric acidity; relieves vertigo with above indications.||Patient dull or fretful, inclined to sleep often, especially after eating; sleep heavy and not restful, with troubled dreams.||Indicated in persistent fulness of the cerebral circulation from liver faults; in bilious headaches; migraine; and headaches depending upon gastric disorders, also in supra-orbital neuralgia.|
|CIRCULATORY INDICATIONS||Pulse full, large, sluggish and oppressed; capillary circulation imperfect; fulness of superficial veins; extremities cool; oppressed heart action, occasionally irregular or intermittent pulse.||Improves circulation in the mucous membranes; relieves palpitation and irregular heart action, when due to stomach and liver disorders.||Relieves functional heart irregularity, and palpitation from gastric and intestinal disorders, or if they depend upon liver faults; valuable in heart disorders, accompanying goitre or exophthalmic goitre; relieves bilious headaches.||Acts directly upon the venous circulation; indicated when there is slight excess of temperature for some days, with hectic flushes, and mild jaundice.||Impeded capillary circulation of the mucous membranes, depending upon general plethora.|
|SKIN INDICATIONS||Skin of a dingy hue, dull, soggy, yellowish, flabby, cool; inclined to eruptions—furuncular, eczematous, or pustular; conjunctivae dingy, yellowish; eyes dull.||Indicated when the skin is dry and hot, but when the extremities are cool or cold. Skin yellowish or dingy, but warm; conjunctivae injected and yellowish.||Stimulates elimination; improves secretion, improves rough, greasy skin, or abnormal pigmentation; relieves skin troubles depending on gastrointestinal disorders.||Skin dingy, yellowish, but warm, with cool extremities; capillary circulation of the skin irregular; conjunctivae dingy.||Skin pallid, or sallow, flabby, cool, occasionally tinged yellowish-green; valuable in skin disorders depending on imperfect elimination.|
The American Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Pharmacognosy, 1919, was written by Finley Ellingwood, M.D.
It was scanned by Michael Moore for the Southwest School of Botanical Medicine.